Mitra Assadi, Benjamin M. Green, Larissa Bilaniuk, Christopher G. Janson
CaseRepClinPractRev 2005; 6:174-176
Background: Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae are the most common type of spinal vascular malformations. They are presumed to be acquired anomalies, creating a direct communication between the radicular artery and the draining vein.Case Report: We describe a patient with rapidly progressive paraplegia who was misdiagnosed and treated as Guillain-Barré Syndrome. We discuss the clinical and imaging findings and the significance of magnetic resonance imaging in establishing the diagnosis.Conclusions: Although rare, this entity represents a potentially treatable cause of a progressive ischemic myelopathy and therefore, it is prudent that they are diagnosed and treated aggressively. The treatment alternatives include surgical obliteration or endovascular embolization of the fistula.
Keywords: spinal vascular malformations, ischemic myelopathy