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Hemorrhagic pericarditis with cardiac tamponade due to Coxsackie virus infection

Gregoriana Zanini, Elena Antonioli, Enrico Vizzardi, Riccardo Raddino, Livio Dei Cas

Am J Case Rep 2008; 9:60-63

ID: 744374

Published: 2008-01-29

Background: Viral pericarditis are the most common infection of the pericardium. Attacks of enteroviral pericarditis follow the seasonal epidemics of Coxsackie Virus A and B and Echovirus infections. Pericardial haemorrhagic effusion with cardiac tamponade is a possible manifestation of viral pericardial infection.
Case Report: We describe a case of hemorrhagic pericardial tamponade effusion in young woman due to Coxsackie Virus infection that required the drenage.
Conclusions: Cardiac haemorragic tamponade effusion is a consequence of viral pericarditis. This condition is infrequent and the supposed diagnosis was performed only after laboratory tests, that should always achieved in presence of pericardial effusion.

Keywords: viral pericarditis, hemorrhagic pericardial tamponade, Echocardiography