27 August 2014 : Case report
Challenging differential diagnosis, Diagnostic / therapeutic accidents, Rare disease, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)Charalampos SpyropoulosABCDEF, Achilleas RentisAB, Eleftheria AlexakiB, John K. TriantafillidisBDEF, Constantine VagianosABCDE
Am J Case Rep 2014; 15:355-360
BACKGROUND: Mucocele of the appendix is an uncommon cystic lesion characterized by distension of the appendiceal lumen with mucus. Most commonly, it is the result of epithelial proliferation, but it can also be caused by inflammation or obstruction of the appendix. When an underlying mucinous cystadenocarcinoma exists, spontaneous or iatrogenic rupture of the mucocele can lead to mucinous intraperitoneal ascites, a syndrome known as pseudomyxoma peritonei.
CASE REPORT: We report 2 cases that represent the clinical extremities of this heterogeneous disease; an asymptomatic mucocele of the appendix in a 70-year-old female and a case of pseudomyxoma peritonei in an 84-year-old male. Subsequently, we review the current literature focusing to the optimal management of both conditions.
CONCLUSIONS: Mucocele of the appendix is a rare disease, usually diagnosed on histopathologic examination of appendectomized specimens. Due to the existing potential for malignant transformation and pseudomyxoma peritonei caused by rupture of the mucocele, extensive preoperative evaluation and thorough intraoperative gastrointestinal and peritoneal examination is required.
Keywords: Aged, 80 and over, Appendectomy, Appendiceal Neoplasms - surgery, Appendix, Colectomy, Diagnosis, Differential, Mucocele - surgery, Neoplasms, Multiple Primary, Peritoneal Neoplasms - surgery, Pseudomyxoma Peritonei - surgery, Tomography, X-Ray Computed
22 September 2022 : Case reportRare Case of Persistently Depressed T Lymphocyte Subsets After SARS-CoV-2 Infection
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.937760
22 September 2022 : Case reportCentral Retinal Vein Occlusion After Discontinuation of Rivaroxaban Therapy in a Young Patient with COVID-1...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.937739
19 September 2022 : Case reportInhaled Nitric Oxide in Acute Severe Pulmonary Hypertension and Severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome ...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.937147
26 Sep 2022 : Case reportAn Infant Presenting with Interstitial Lung Disease Diagnosed Later as Hunter Syndrome: A Case Report
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.937527
26 Sep 2022 : Case reportAcute Intermittent Porphyria: Complete Phenotype in a Patient with p.Arg173Trp Variant in Thailand
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.937695
26 Sep 2022 : Case reportInjury to the Posterior Horn of the Lateral Meniscus from a Misplaced Tibial Tunnel for Anterior Cruciate L...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.937581
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Jul 2022 : Case reportWhistling Scrotum: An Unusual Presentation of Pneumomediastinum in the Setting of an Open Scrotal Wound
Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936441
23 Feb 2022 : Case reportPenile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine
Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250
06 Dec 2021 : Case reportLipedema Can Be Treated Non-Surgically: A Report of 5 Cases
Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934406