Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

12 May 2015 : Case report  USA

Urinary Bladder Paraganglioma presenting as Micturition-Induced Palpitations, Dyspnea, and Angina

Challenging differential diagnosis, Unusual setting of medical care, Rare disease, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Arindam BagchiABDEF, Kola DushajEF, Anup ShresthaDEF, Anatoly L. LeytinDE, Shamsul A. BhuiyanCE, Farshid RadparvarCE, Shlomo TopchikCD, Sandeep Singh TuliBDE, Paul KimDE, Sanjiv BakshiABDEF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.891388

Am J Case Rep 2015; 16:283-286


BACKGROUND: Sympathetic urinary bladder paragangliomas are rare catecholamine-secreting neuroendocrine tumors arising from neural crest cells. They are uncommon urinary bladder neoplasms. Symptoms classically include micturition-related or unrelated palpitations and syncope with hypertension, headaches, diaphoresis, and hematuria. Other than being attributable to vasovagal reactions, micturition-induced cardiovascular symptoms should prompt a search for catecholamine-secreting tumors such as a urinary bladder paraganglioma, as in this case.

CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old asthmatic African-American female presented with episodic hematuria that began 4 years ago and episodes of micturition-induced palpitations, dyspnea, substernal tightness, sweating, and throbbing headaches. Computed tomography with contrast revealed an enhancing mass along the anterior urinary bladder wall, measuring 2.4×3.5 cm. On Positron emission Tomography with [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose integrated with computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT), the urinary bladder mass was 18F-FDG avid. Serum normetanephrine and supine plasma norepinephrine were significantly elevated and there was mild elevation of supine plasma epinephrine. Transurethral resection of the bladder mass revealed a neoplasm with microscopic features and immunohistochemical profile positive for synaptophysin and chromogranin, with negative screening cytokeratin AE1/AE3, suggesting a paraganglioma. Following resection of the paraganglioma, there was complete resolution of micturition-induced cardiovascular symptoms on long-term follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: Micturition-related cardiovascular symptoms are commonly attributed to vasovagal reactions. However, urinary bladder pathologies must be ruled out as a cause, as in this rare case of a urinary bladder paraganglioma exhibiting catecholaminergic symptoms.

Keywords: Diagnosis, Differential, Angina Pectoris - etiology, Dyspnea - etiology, Paraganglioma - diagnosis, Positron-Emission Tomography, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, Urinary Bladder Neoplasms - diagnosis, Urination

Add Comment 0 Comments

1120 9

In Press

01 Dec 2023 : Case report  Brazil

Life-Threatening Electrical Storm Following Liver Transplantation: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI:  

01 Dec 2023 : Case report  Belgium

Innovative Approach to Difficult Airway Management: Utilizing the Cook® Airway Exchange Catheter for Double...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI:  

01 Dec 2023 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Successful Conservative Therapy for Infected Penile Implants: A Case Series

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI:  

30 Nov 2023 : Case report  Puerto Rico

Scuba Diving-Induced Inner-Ear Pathology: Imaging Findings of Superior Semicircular Canal and Tegmen Tympan...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI:  

Most Viewed Current Articles

06 Dec 2021 : Case report  Brazil

Lipedema Can Be Treated Non-Surgically: A Report of 5 Cases

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934406

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934406

07 Dec 2021 : Case report  USA

Edwardsiella tarda: A Classic Presentation of a Rare Fatal Infection, with Possible New Background Risk Fac...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934347

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934347

19 Jul 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Atlantoaxial Subluxation Secondary to SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Rare Orthopedic Complication from COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.936128

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936128

13 Jul 2022 : Case report  USA

Whistling Scrotum: An Unusual Presentation of Pneumomediastinum in the Setting of an Open Scrotal Wound

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.936441

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936441

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923