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26 May 2015 : Case report  Turkey

Coronary Slow Flow Accompanying Exertional Blurred Vision and Effects of Corticosteroids

Unusual clinical course, Unusual or unexpected effect of treatment, Unexpected drug reaction , Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Şahbender KoçABCDEF, Aslı VuralABCDE, Hakan AksoyABCDE, Barış DindarABCD, Ahmet KaragözCDEF, Zeki Yüksel GünaydınDEF, Osman BektaşEF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.893461

Am J Case Rep 2015; 16:315-318

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Various pathophysiological mechanisms such as microvascular and endothelial dysfunction, small vessel disease, diffuse atherosclerosis, and inflammation have been held responsible in the etiology of coronary slow flow. It is also thought to be a reflection of a systemic slow-flow phenomenon in the coronary arterial tree.

CASE REPORT: A 44-year-old man presented with chest pain causing fatigue, together with blurred vision for the last 2 years, which disappeared after resting. He had used corticosteroid therapy for facial paralysis 1 month ago. Coronary slow flow was detected in all 3 major coronary arteries on coronary angiography. TIMI measurements for the left anterior descending artery, circumflex, and right coronary artery were 64, 72, and 55, respectively. In fundus fluorescein angiography, retinal vascularity was normal, the arm-to-retina circulation time was 21.8 s, and the arteriovenous transit time was 4.3 s. In the early arteriovenous phase, choroidal filling was long, with physiological patchy type. Diltiazem 90 mg/day and acetylsalicylic acid 100 mg/day were given. His chest pain and visual symptoms disappeared after medical treatment.

CONCLUSIONS: Physicians should be aware that glucocorticoids might cause an increase in the symptoms of coronary slow flow and some circulation problems, which might lead to systematic symptoms.

Keywords: Atherosclerosis - drug therapy, Blood Flow Velocity - physiology, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Circulation - physiology, Coronary Vessels - physiopathology, Desoxycorticosterone - therapeutic use, Glucocorticoids - therapeutic use, Microvascular Angina - physiopathology, Vision, Low - physiopathology

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923