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24 November 2015 : Case report  South Korea

Renal Infarction Caused by Isolated Spontaneous Renal Artery Intramural Hematoma

Challenging differential diagnosis, Diagnostic / therapeutic accidents, Unusual setting of medical care, Rare disease, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis), Rare coexistence of disease or pathology

Sihyung ParkEF, Ga Hee LeeEF, Kyubok JinEF, Kang Min ParkF, Yang Wook KimEF, Bong Soo ParkAEF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.895285

Am J Case Rep 2015; 16:832-836

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Acute renal infarction is an uncommon condition resulting from an obstruction or a decrease in renal arterial blood flow. Isolated spontaneous renal artery intramural hematoma is a rare cause of renal infarction.

CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old healthy man presented to our emergency room because of sudden onset of severe right flank pain. An enhanced abdominal computed tomography scan showed a low-attenuated lesion in the lateral portion of the right kidney but no visible thromboembolisms in the main vessels. Computed tomography angiography revealed acute infarction resulting from intramural hematoma of the anterior segmental artery of the right kidney, with distal occlusion.

CONCLUSIONS: The rarity and non-specific clinical presentation of renal infarction often lead to a delayed diagnosis that may result in impaired renal function. Clinical suspicion is important in the early diagnosis, and intramural hematoma of the renal artery should be considered the cause of renal infarction even in healthy patients without predisposing factors.

Keywords: Aneurysm, Dissecting - diagnosis, Diagnosis, Differential, Hematoma - diagnosis, Infarction - etiology, Kidney - blood supply, Renal Artery, Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923