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03 November 2016 : Case report  Peru

Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis: Report and Literature Review on Two Cases Requiring Prolonged Treatment

Unusual clinical course, Patient complains / malpractice, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Martha Matos-TocascaABDEFG, Gabriel De la Cruz-KuABDEF, Erick AuccacusiABDEF, Diego Fernandez-SalasABDEF, Tatiana García-AhuanariABDEF, Bryan Valcarcel-ValdiviaABDEF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.900001

Am J Case Rep 2016; 17:819-826

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a global problem due to the high morbidity and mortality it causes. Peru is one of the countries with the highest numbers of cases of XDR-TB, which increase every year.

CASE REPORT: We present the case of two siblings who developed XDR-TB, underwent surgery twice, and were in individualized treatment for more than 6 years. Finally they achieved remission of symptoms, despite not having standardized treatment schemes during their diagnosis period.

CONCLUSIONS: Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis can be cured with a treatment that involves both medical care and patient actions to achieve remission of the disease.

Keywords: Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923