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28 June 2017 : Case report  Germany

Double Peripheral Venous and Arterial Cannulation for Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Combined Septic and Cardiogenic Shock

Unusual clinical course, Challenging differential diagnosis, Unusual setting of medical care, Unexpected drug reaction, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Markus Kredel1BDEF*, Steffen Kunzmann2BDE, Paul-Gerhardt Schlegel2DE, Matthias Wölfl2E, Peter Nordbeck3BE, Christoph Bühler4B, Christopher Lotz1DEF, Philipp M. Lepper5E, Johannes Wirbelauer2DE, Norbert Roewer1D, Ralf M. Muellenbach1BDEF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.902485

Am J Case Rep 2017; 18:723-727

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The use of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (va-ECMO) via peripheral cannulation for septic shock is limited by blood flow and increased afterload for the left ventricle.

CASE REPORT: A 15-year-old girl with acute myelogenous leukemia, suffering from severe septic and cardiogenic shock, was treated by venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (va-ECMO). Sufficient extracorporeal blood flow matching the required oxygen demand could only be achieved by peripheral cannulation of both femoral arteries. Venous drainage was performed with a bicaval cannula inserted via the left V. femoralis. To accomplish left ventricular unloading, an additional drainage cannula was placed in the left atrium via percutaneous atrioseptostomy (va-va-ECMO). Cardiac function recovered and the girl was weaned from the ECMO on day 6. Successful allogenic stem cell transplantation took place 2 months later.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with vasoplegic septic shock and impaired cardiac contractility, double peripheral venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (va-va-ECMO) with transseptal left atrial venting can by a lifesaving option.

Keywords: Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation, Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute, Shock, Cardiogenic, Shock, Septic

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923