09 April 2018 : Case report
Pancreaticoduodenectomy with Preservation of Collateral Circulation or Revascularization for Biliary Pancreatic Cancer with Celiac Axis Occlusion: A Report of 2 Cases
Unusual setting of medical careKazuaki Shibuya1ABCDEF, Hirofumi Kamachi1ABCE*, Tatsuya Orimo1B, Akihisa Nagatsu1B, Shingo Shimada1B, Kenji Wakayama1B, Hideki Yokoo1B, Toshiya Kamiyama1B, Akinobu Taketomi1BE
Am J Case Rep 2018; 19:413-420
BACKGROUND: In cases of celiac axis occlusion requiring pancreaticoduodenectomy for malignancy, both oncologic curability and control of hepatic arterial flow must be considered, but the operative strategy is undeveloped.
CASE REPORT: Case 1: A 74-year-old man was diagnosed with hilar cholangiocarcinoma with celiac axis stenosis. The collateral from the superior mesenteric artery ran through the pancreas head but no invasion was observed in preoperative imaging. Hepatopancreatoduodenectomy with preservation of a collateral was performed. Case 2: A 69-year-old woman was diagnosed with pancreas head cancer with celiac axis occlusion. The collateral from the superior mesenteric artery ran through pancreas head and tumor invasion was observed. Pancreaticoduodenectomy with bypass revascularization using a vein graft was performed. Both operations were performed safely oncologically under preoperative planning that was based on computed tomographic angiography. The operative procedure was ultimately determined by evaluation of perioperative blood flow under Doppler ultrasonography after clamping the gastroduodenal artery.
CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative simulations of arterial revascularization and perioperative evaluation of blood flow are necessary for the success of this procedure.
Keywords: Biliary Tract Neoplasms, celiac disease, Pancreaticoduodenectomy
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