Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

27 March 2018 : Case report  Japan

Resolution of Infliximab-Refractory Nivolumab-Induced Acute Severe Enterocolitis After Cyclosporine Treatment in a Patient with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Adverse events of drug therapy

Tomokazu Iyoda1ABCDEF, Noriaki Kurita23ADEF*, Ayumi Takada1BC, Hiroe Watanabe1BC, Masahiro Ando4BCDF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.908570

Am J Case Rep 2018; 19:360-364


BACKGROUND: Enterocolitis is an immune-related adverse event associated with nivolumab treatment. Although intravenous corticosteroids and infliximab are recommended as a first-line and second-line therapy, respectively, there is no established treatment for severe enterocolitis that is refractory to these drugs.

CASE REPORT: A 62-year-old male with non-small cell lung cancer, with multiple brain metastasis, received nivolumab as the eighth-line chemotherapy for his disease. A few days after nivolumab administration, grade 2–3 enterocolitis developed in the patient. The enterocolitis improved to grade 1 after careful observation; however, it was aggravated to grade 3 after resuming nivolumab treatment. After cessation of nivolumab, 3.3 mg of intravenous dexamethasone and 40 mg of methylprednisolone were administered for 16 days and subsequently 30–60 mg of oral prednisolone was administered for 50 days, with little improvement in the patient’s colitis. A second-line treatment with 5 mg/kg of infliximab was twice attempted, but the patient had persistent diarrhea. Therefore, 50 mg of oral cyclosporine was started as a third-line therapy. Three days after the start of cyclosporine, the number of diarrhea events decreased, with resolution 2 weeks after cyclosporine administration.

CONCLUSIONS: Oral cyclosporine treatment can be a third-line therapy for enterocolitis associated with immune-related adverse events.

Keywords: Cyclosporine, Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions, Enterocolitis

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

Case report  Kosovo

A 74-Year-Old Man with Severe Comorbidities and Successful Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair with Thoracic S...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943702  


Case report  Vietnam

Fibrous Dysplasia of the Parietal Bone with Focal Motor Seizures: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943718  


Case report  Saudi Arabia

Regenerative Endodontic Procedure on an Immature Necrotic Molar: A Case Report with a 5-Year Review

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.944179  

Case report  Italy

Minimally Invasive Surgical Management of Chronic Cough-Induced Rib Fracture Non-Union: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943222  

Most Viewed Current Articles

07 Mar 2024 : Case report  USA 38,492

Neurocysticercosis Presenting as Migraine in the United States

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.943133

Am J Case Rep 2024; 25:e943133


10 Jan 2022 : Case report  Germany 31,145

A Report on the First 7 Sequential Patients Treated Within the C-Reactive Protein Apheresis in COVID (CACOV...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935263

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935263

19 Jul 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia 17,755

Atlantoaxial Subluxation Secondary to SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Rare Orthopedic Complication from COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.936128

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936128

23 Feb 2022 : Case report  USA 17,769

Penile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935250

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923