10 July 2018 : Case report
An Enlarged Goiter Presenting with a Rare Diffuse Lipomatosis of the Thyroid Gland
Challenging differential diagnosis, Rare disease, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)Dina M. Hijazi1ABCDEF, Firas A. Addas1BF, Najla M. Alghanmi2AB, Hani Z. Marzouki3CDE, Mazin A. Merdad3ACDEFG*
Am J Case Rep 2018; 19:808-811
BACKGROUND: Diffuse lipomatosis of the thyroid gland is a particularly rare histopathological condition characterized by diffuse fatty infiltration within the thyroid stroma.
CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 53-year-old woman who presented with a 2-year history of massive neck goiter and mild dysphagia. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed heterogeneous enhancing of an enlarged thyroid gland with left lobe cranial extension and compression of the pharynx, and caudal bilateral retrosternal growth. The patient underwent total thyroidectomy and histopathological examination revealed mature fatty tissue diffusely distributed throughout the thyroid gland. Excision of the gland was somewhat challenging due to the very thin thyroid capsule and recurrent protrusion of fat from the capsule.
CONCLUSIONS: Diffuse thyroid lipomatosis is an extremely rare histopathological condition characterized by diffuse fatty infiltration in thyroid stroma. Despite its rarity, it should be considered in the differential diagnoses of a patient presenting with a goiter.
Keywords: Goiter, Lipomatosis, Thyroid Diseases
25 May 2023 : Case reportNeuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Extrahepatic Bile Ducts: A Case Report
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.939239
24 May 2023 : Case reportAn Initially Missed Diagnosis of Venous Thromboembolic Phenomenon in Adult-Onset Still’s Disease: A Case Re...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.939520
24 May 2023 : Case reportSuccessful Surgical Removal of a Giant Serous Ovarian Cyst in a 52-Year-Old Woman with Presurgical Body Mas...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.939697
23 May 2023 : Case reportSuccessful Noninvasive Respiratory Management of an Infant with Bilateral Choanal Atresia and a Supernumera...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.939642
Most Viewed Current Articles
06 Dec 2021 : Case reportLipedema Can Be Treated Non-Surgically: A Report of 5 Cases
Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934406
13 Jul 2022 : Case reportWhistling Scrotum: An Unusual Presentation of Pneumomediastinum in the Setting of an Open Scrotal Wound
Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936441
23 Feb 2022 : Case reportPenile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine
Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250
07 Dec 2021 : Case reportEdwardsiella tarda: A Classic Presentation of a Rare Fatal Infection, with Possible New Background Risk Fac...
Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934347