Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

26 November 2018 : Case report  USA

Improved Detection of Culprit Pathogens by Bacterial DNA Sequencing Affects Antibiotic Management Decisions in Severe Pneumonia

Unusual clinical course, Mistake in diagnosis

Daniel G. Dunlap12ABCDEF*, Christopher W. Marshall3ABCDE, Adam Fitch2ABCDE, Sarah F. Rapport4ABDE, Vaughn S. Cooper3ABCDE, Bryan J. McVerry42ABCDEFG, Alison Morris425ABCDEFG, Georgios D. Kitsios42ABCDEFG

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.912055

Am J Case Rep 2018; 19:1405-1409

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Severe pneumonia requiring admission to an intensive care unit carries high morbidity and mortality. Evidence-based management includes early administration of empiric antibiotics against plausible bacterial pathogens while awaiting results of microbiologic cultures. However, in over 60% of pneumonia cases, no causative pathogen is identified with conventional diagnostic techniques. In this case report, we demonstrate how direct-from-sample sequencing of bacterial DNA could have identified the multiple culprit pathogens early in the disease course to guide appropriate antibiotic management.

CASE REPORT: A previously healthy, 21-year-old man presented with neck pain and fever and rapidly developed acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) requiring mechanical ventilation. He was started on broad-spectrum antibiotics and was found to have septic thrombophlebitis of the left internal jugular vein (Lemierre syndrome), with blood cultures growing Fusobacterium necrophorum. While his antibiotics were narrowed to piperacillin-tazobactam monotherapy, his clinical condition worsened, but repeated efforts to define an additional/alternative respiratory pathogen resulted in negative cultures. He eventually developed bilateral empyemas growing Mycoplasma hominis. Once azithromycin was added to the patient’s regimen, he improved dramatically. Retrospective sequencing of consecutive endotracheal aspirates showed Fusobacterium as the dominant pathogen early in the course, but with significant and increasing Mycoplasma abundance several days prior to clinical detection.

CONCLUSIONS: Had sequencing information been available to the treating clinicians, the causative pathogens could have been detected earlier, guiding appropriate antibiotic therapy and perhaps preventing his clinical complications. Real-time bacterial DNA sequencing has the potential to shift the diagnostic paradigm in severe pneumonia.

Keywords: Lemierre Syndrome, Pneumonia, Sequence Analysis, DNA, acute respiratory distress syndrome

0 Comments

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

11 August 2022 : Case report  Japan

A 32-Year-Old Man with Persistent Olfactory Dysfunction Following COVID-19 Whose Recovery Was Evaluated by ...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936496  

09 August 2022 : Case report  Japan

A Case of Segmental Arterial Mediolysis of Multiple Visceral Arteries Following Anti-COVID-19 Vaccination: ...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.937505  

29 July 2022 : Case report  Indonesia

Posterior Myocardial Infarction in a 45-Year-Old Javanese Woman with a 1-Month History of COVID-19-Related ...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.937105  

08 July 2022 : Case report  Australia

Unusual Case of Painful Glossitis and Xerostomia Following Vaccination with Pfizer-BioNTech SARS-CoV-2 (BNT...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.937212  

In Press

17 Aug 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Musical Ear Syndrome in a Patient with Unilateral Hearing Loss: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936537  

16 Aug 2022 : Case report  Hong Kong

Concurrent Bell’s Palsy and Facial Pain Improving with Multimodal Chiropractic Therapy: A Case Report and L...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.937511  

16 Aug 2022 : Case report  USA

Coronary Artery Stent Dislodgement and Loss in the Bloodstream: A Case Report and Management Options

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.937598  

16 Aug 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

A Pituitary Abscess Caused by Morganella morganii: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936743  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Jul 2022 : Case report  USA

Whistling Scrotum: An Unusual Presentation of Pneumomediastinum in the Setting of an Open Scrotal Wound

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.936441

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936441

23 Feb 2022 : Case report  USA

Penile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935250

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250

06 Dec 2021 : Case report  Brazil

Lipedema Can Be Treated Non-Surgically: A Report of 5 Cases

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934406

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934406

17 Feb 2022 : Case report  Oman

Myocarditis, Pulmonary Hemorrhage, and Extensive Myositis with Rhabdomyolysis 12 Days After First Dose of P...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934399

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e934399

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923