Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

11 December 2018 : Case report  Japan

Acute Mitral Regurgitation of Unknown Etiology Associated with Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Eventually Diagnosed as Enterococcus Faecalis Infective Endocarditis by Mitral Valve Surgery

Challenging differential diagnosis

Shun Yamashita1AEF, Masaki Tago1AEF*, Naoko E. Katsuki1AEF, Tsuneki Ajimi2AEF, Daisuke Nagatomo2AEF, Norihiko Kotooka2AEF, Koichi Node2AEF, Shu-ichi Yamashita1AEF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.912097

Am J Case Rep 2018; 19:1467-1473

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis is prevalent worldwide and the modified Duke criteria have been used universally to diagnose this condition. However, making the correct diagnosis is rather difficult because the clinical presentation and findings of blood tests are non-specific.

CASE REPORT: A 70-year-old female complaining of dyspnea for 5 days with acute mitral regurgitation was transferred to our hospital. She had acute heart and respiratory failure and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Although infective endocarditis was suspected, repeated blood cultures and transesophageal echocardiography could not reveal any findings of infective endocarditis. Because the etiology of her condition was not determined by various examinations, mitral annuloplasty was required to treat her mitral regurgitation, and was performed for definitive diagnosis and treatment revealing the presence of vegetation on the mitral valve. Enterococcus faecalis was detected by cultures of the mitral valve and blood after the surgery.

CONCLUSIONS: It can be very difficult to diagnose infective endocarditis correctly, especially when a case fails to fulfill the modified Duke criteria. In such a case, only cardiac surgery might enable us to make an accurate diagnosis and save a patient’s life.

Keywords: Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation, Endocarditis, Enterococcus faecalis, Mitral Valve Annuloplasty, Mitral Valve Insufficiency

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

Case report  USA

A Prefixed Four-Trunk Brachial Plexus with Anomalous Anatomy of All Subsequent Divisions, Cords, and Termin...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943866  

0:00

Case report  USA

Rapid Progression of Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma Mimicking a Postoperative Complication in a Young Wo...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942948  

0:00

Case report  Italy

Columella Reconstruction Using a Bilateral Nasolabial Flap: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943913  

Case report  USA

Successful Surgical Extraction of an Embolized Iliac Vein Stent from the Right Heart: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943620  

Most Viewed Current Articles

07 Mar 2024 : Case report  USA

Neurocysticercosis Presenting as Migraine in the United States

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.943133

Am J Case Rep 2024; 25:e943133

0:00

10 Jan 2022 : Case report  Germany

A Report on the First 7 Sequential Patients Treated Within the C-Reactive Protein Apheresis in COVID (CACOV...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935263

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935263

19 Jul 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Atlantoaxial Subluxation Secondary to SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Rare Orthopedic Complication from COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.936128

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936128

23 Feb 2022 : Case report  USA

Penile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935250

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923