Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

12 March 2019 : Case report  USA

Successful Re-Initiation of Therapeutic Hypothermia as Adjunctive Salvage Therapy in a Case of Refractory Cardiogenic Shock Due to Acute Myocardial Infarction

Unusual setting of medical care

Fernando Boccalandro123ABCDE*, Francisco A. Cedeno2ABDEF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.913459

Am J Case Rep 2019; 20:323-329


BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by cardiogenic shock has a high mortality rate, despite prompt revascularization, advanced medical therapy and the use of mechanical circulatory support devices. Therapeutic hypothermia is associated with physiological cellular changes in the ischemic myocardium, and a trend towards improved hemodynamics in patients with AMI and cardiogenic shock, but is currently not considered to be a therapeutic modality. A case is presented that supports the role of therapeutic hypothermia as salvage therapy in patients with cardiogenic shock following AMI.

CASE REPORT: A 37-year-old man who presented with cardiac arrest following an anterior wall AMI due to occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery complicated by cardiogenic shock, underwent emergent percutaneous revascularization with placement of a stent, a percutaneous left ventricular-assist device (LVAD), and a pulmonary artery catheter. Therapeutic hypothermia was initiated to achieve a target core body temperature of between 32–34°C for 24 hours, followed by slow re-warming. However, after rewarming, the patient developed refractory cardiogenic shock, despite revascularization, pharmacological and mechanical circulatory support. A second cycle of therapeutic hypothermia was initiated as salvage therapy, leading to clinical improvement. The patient had a favorable outcome, was discharged from hospital and was able to return to work.

CONCLUSIONS: The first successful case is described in which therapeutic hypothermia was re-initiated as salvage therapy for cardiogenic shock where no other hemodynamic support resources were available.

Keywords: Hypothermia, Induced, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, Shock, Cardiogenic, Myocardial Revascularization, Salvage Therapy

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

Case report  Jordan

Blue Toe Syndrome in Behçet’s Disease: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943813  

Case report  South Korea

A Rare Case of Stroke in a 76-Year-Old Woman: Left Atrial Papillary Fibroelastoma as the Culprit

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943568  

Case report  Kosovo

A 74-Year-Old Man with Severe Comorbidities and Successful Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair with Thoracic S...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943702  

Case report  Vietnam

Fibrous Dysplasia of the Parietal Bone with Focal Motor Seizures: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943718  

Most Viewed Current Articles

07 Mar 2024 : Case report  USA 38,357

Neurocysticercosis Presenting as Migraine in the United States

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.943133

Am J Case Rep 2024; 25:e943133


10 Jan 2022 : Case report  Germany 31,120

A Report on the First 7 Sequential Patients Treated Within the C-Reactive Protein Apheresis in COVID (CACOV...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935263

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935263

19 Jul 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia 17,721

Atlantoaxial Subluxation Secondary to SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Rare Orthopedic Complication from COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.936128

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936128

23 Feb 2022 : Case report  USA 17,697

Penile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935250

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923