Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

20 April 2019 : Case report  USA

Atrial-Esophageal Fistula After Catheter Ablation: Diagnosing and Managing a Rare Complication of a Common Procedure

Challenging differential diagnosis, Diagnostic / therapeutic accidents, Management of emergency care, Rare coexistence of disease or pathology

Robby Singh1ABEF*, Elise J. Landa2EF, Christian Machado1ADE

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.913620

Am J Case Rep 2019; 20:557-561

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is considered the most common cardiac arrhythmias in the United States with rate and rhythm control strategies traditionally used for management. If patients are intolerant to class I or class III anti-arrhythmic medications, catheter ablation may be used as a rhythm control strategy. As catheter ablation becomes more commonplace, so too do the procedure-related complications, which include tamponade, total arterio-venous fistula, pulmonary vein stenosis, and atrial-esophageal fistula.

CASE REPORT: A 67-year-old male underwent catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation and subsequently presented with complaints of fever and chills. Initial workup for a source of infection included a computed tomography (CT) scan and transesophageal echocardiogram which did not reveal any abnormalities. Antibiotic therapy was initiated, and multiple CT scans were performed; eventually patient was found to have an atrial-esophageal fistula, secondary to thermal injury. The patient underwent thoracotomy and full thickness necrosis of the posterior left atrium and pericardium near the base of the left inferior pulmonary vein was visualized, with a roughly nickel sized orifice, which was repaired. The patient had an uneventful recovery and was doing well on follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: Atrial-esophageal fistula is a rare but lethal complication of atrial fibrillation ablation. While imaging modalities have improved and can detect the condition, they can also yield ambivalent findings which can challenge patient care. It is important for clinicians to maintain a heightened awareness of this complication in post-ablation patients and utilize clinical history and not rely solely on imaging to diagnose and treat this complication.

Keywords: Atrial Fibrillation, delayed diagnosis, Esophageal Fistula, Postoperative Complications, Aged, Catheter Ablation, Echocardiography, Transesophageal, Electrocardiography, Follow-Up Studies, Heart Atria, Iatrogenic Disease, Risk Assessment, Thoracotomy

0 Comments

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

30 June 2022 : Editorial  USA

Editorial: World Health Organization (WHO) Variants of Concern Lineages Under Monitoring (VOC-LUM) in Respo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937676  

29 June 2022 : Case report  USA

A Clinical Case of COVID-19 Vaccine-Associated Guillain-Barré Syndrome

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936896  

16 June 2022 : Case report  Ecuador

Multidrug-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in a Patient with SARS-Cov-2 Pneumonia in an Intensive Care Unit ...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936498  

13 June 2022 : Case report  Japan

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Infection Associated with COVID-19: A Case Series and Literature Review

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936889  

In Press

30 Jun 2022 : Case report  Philippines

Erasmus Syndrome: A Case Report and Literature Review

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.937061  

30 Jun 2022 : Case report  USA

A Clinical Case of COVID-19 Vaccine-Associated Guillain-Barré Syndrome

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936896  

30 Jun 2022 : Case report  China (mainland)

Septic Shock Induced by Acute Pyelonephritis Resulting from Kidney Stones Treated by Double-J Ureteral Sten...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936967  

29 Jun 2022 : Case report  Kuwait

A Challenging Case of Jejunal Dieulafoy’s Lesion: A Rare Cause of Refractory Lower-Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936313  

Most Viewed Current Articles

23 Feb 2022 : Case report  USA

Penile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935250

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250

17 Feb 2022 : Case report  Oman

Myocarditis, Pulmonary Hemorrhage, and Extensive Myositis with Rhabdomyolysis 12 Days After First Dose of P...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934399

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e934399

06 Dec 2021 : Case report  Brazil

Lipedema Can Be Treated Non-Surgically: A Report of 5 Cases

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934406

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934406

09 Feb 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Extensive Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis (CVST) After the First Dose of Pfizer-BioNTech BNT162b2 mRNA COV...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934744

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e934744

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923