Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

27 April 2019 : Case report  USA

A Case of Myocardial Ischemia Detected by Global Longitudinal Strain Using Intraoperative Speckle-Tracking Echocardiography in a High-Risk Patient Undergoing Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

Challenging differential diagnosis, Management of emergency care

Seth Eisenberg1ABCDEF, Theodore J. Cios1CDEF, S. Michael Roberts1ABCDEF*

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.914858

Am J Case Rep 2019; 20:607-611

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Global longitudinal strain (GLS) detected by echocardiography has been shown to have a prognostic role in the evaluation of myocardial ischemia in several clinical settings. A case is presented where GLS was used to detect intraoperative myocardial ischemia in a high-risk patient undergoing open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

CASE REPORT: A 75-year-old Caucasian man with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and a 60 pack-year smoking history presented with a one-week history of exertional chest pain. Two-dimensional (2D) speckle-tracking echocardiography was used to calculate myocardial velocities and deformation parameters, including GLS. A reduced baseline GLS of –18.2% was found with dysfunction of the basal anterior, inferior, and mid anterolateral wall of the left ventricle. During aortic cross-clamping, his basal segments became mildly hypokinetic, although his ejection fraction (EF) remained unchanged at 50–55%. Despite normal left ventricular systolic function on visual assessment, his GLS decreased to –14.2% during aortic cross-clamping with similar segmental changes noted in the baseline GLS analysis. After the release of the aortic cross-clamp, his basal segments returned to normal and his left ventricular systolic function improved with an EF of 60–65% and the GLS recovered to -18.4% with improvement in the basal segmental function.

CONCLUSIONS: This case report showed that detection of GLS by echocardiography was a sensitive indicator of myocardial dysfunction that was superior to regional ventricular wall assessment. Detection of early changes in myocardial function by evaluating GLS may assist in guiding anesthetic management in high-risk patients with ischemic heart disease.

Keywords: aortic aneurysm, Echocardiography, Myocardial Ischemia, cardiac catheterization, Heart Ventricles, Vascular Surgical Procedures, Ventricular Function, Left

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

30 Jan 2024 : Case report  Colombia

Bedside Ultrasound to Guide the Diagnosis and Treatment of Fulminant Right Heart Failure: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942694  

0:00

01 Feb 2024 : Case report  Vietnam

Conservative versus Surgical Treatment of Pneumatosis Intestinalis: Experience from a Multidisciplinary Center

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943166  

08 Feb 2024 : Case report  Indonesia

Right Thigh Mass Metastasis from Lung Cancer Mimicking Primary Soft Tissue Sarcoma: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942416  

05 Feb 2024 : Case report  USA

Unraveling the Uncommon: A Case Report of Giant Cell Myocarditis and Examination of Existing Literature

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942381  

Most Viewed Current Articles

10 Jan 2022 : Case report  Germany

A Report on the First 7 Sequential Patients Treated Within the C-Reactive Protein Apheresis in COVID (CACOV...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935263

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935263

19 Jul 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Atlantoaxial Subluxation Secondary to SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Rare Orthopedic Complication from COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.936128

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936128

05 Mar 2022 : Case report  Brazil

Acute Limb Ischemia After Self-Injection of Crushed Morphine Tablets into the Radial Artery: Role of Infrar...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935336

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935336

02 Apr 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Infective Endocarditis Caused by Pseudomonas luteola in a Pediatric Patient. A Case Report and Review of Li...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935743

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935743

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923