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05 July 2019 : Case report  USA

Glassy Cell Carcinoma of the Endometrium Presenting as an Intracavitary Leiomyoma on Ultrasound

Mistake in diagnosis, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis), Rare coexistence of disease or pathology

Courtney Fox1ABEF, Veronica Schimp2BCE, Li Ge3BCD, Yehuda Galili4DE, Steve J. Carlan15ABDEF*

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.915809

Am J Case Rep 2019; 20:961-964

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Glassy cell carcinoma of the endometrium is an extremely rare variant of adenosquamous carcinoma, and it has a poor prognosis. In postmenopausal women it typically presents as unprovoked, painless uterine bleeding. Tissue sampling is necessary to establish the diagnosis.

CASE REPORT: A 58-year-old postmenopausal woman on no hormone replacement therapy experienced 2 months of intermittent uterine bleeding. An office transvaginal ultrasound discovered a 1.7-cm intracavitary leiomyoma, but because the endometrial stripe was not visualized, an endometrial biopsy was performed. She was found to have a Stage 1 A endometrial poorly-differentiated adenosquamous carcinoma, glassy cell carcinoma tumor of 1.5 cm in greatest dimension. She underwent a robotic total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, pelvic lymph node mapping, and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy.

CONCLUSIONS: Glassy cell carcinoma of the endometrium can present as an intracavitary leiomyoma in postmenopausal women.

Keywords: Carcinoma, Adenosquamous, Endometrial Neoplasms, Leiomyoma, Hysterectomy, Lymph Node Excision, Middle Aged, Ultrasonography

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923