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28 September 2019 : Case report  USA

A Case of Retained Catheter Guidewire Discovered Two Years After Central Venous Catheterization

Unusual clinical course, Mistake in diagnosis, Diagnostic / therapeutic accidents, Unusual setting of medical care, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Nidal Arnous1ABCDEF*, Souvonik Adhya2EF, Biwar Marof1EF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.915941

Am J Case Rep 2019; 20:1427-1433

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Retained guidewire is a recognized complication of intravascular interventions. The majority of cases are identified immediately or shortly after the procedure. In rare cases, the guidewire is identified incidentally by X-ray after the procedure. This report presents a rare case of a retained venous guidewire that was discovered two years after central venous catheterization.

CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old African-American man presented with a wire that was emerging from the skin near his right knee. He had undergone a right femoral central venous catheter placement two years previously. Imaging showed that the end of the guidewire was sited at the left pulmonary artery, and was associated with two small broken fragments of wire. During surgery to remove the guidewire, it had become adherent to the pulmonary artery wall. Most of the guidewire was removed, but the portion adherent to the pulmonary artery wall was left in place.

CONCLUSIONS: It is very rare for a retained guidewire to be discovered when it protrudes through the skin, two years after central venous catheter placement, as the majority of cases are discovered by physical inspection or imaging following intravascular interventions. Skill and attention in the clinical setting are required to minimize such complications.

Keywords: central venous catheters, endovascular procedures, Foreign-Body Migration, Catheterization, Central Venous, Foreign Bodies, Knee, Middle Aged, Pulmonary Artery, Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923