Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

01 July 2019 : Case report  USA

A Case of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Presenting as Autoimmune Myelofibrosis

Rare coexistence of disease or pathology

Ikechukwu Mbonu1EF*, Christoph Sossou1E, Christopher B. Nnaoma1E, Xinlai Sun2ADE, Lori Schleicher3D, Wen Xiong4D

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.916001

Am J Case Rep 2019; 20:937-940

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by multiorgan involvement and presence of autoantibodies. SLE has a broad range of presentations and manifestations, and as such, its course and organ involvement are unpredictable. The disease results from the interaction of genes, environment, and random effects combining to lead to a loss of tolerance to self-antigens and active autoimmunity. Autoimmune myelofibrosis is a type of non-malignant bone marrow fibrosis that occurs in the presence of systemic autoimmune disease. Cytopenias such as anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocyotopenia are common manifestations of SLE; however, myelofibrosis is a less common and far less recognized complication of SLE.

CASE REPORT: We report a case of a young African American female who presented with severe anemia and leukopenia, subsequently diagnosed with myelofibrosis and then eventually SLE. The identification of myelofibrosis in SLE is critical as it can be a devastating condition when untreated. Fortunately, autoimmune myelofibrosis in SLE is reversible with treatment of the underlying condition.

CONCLUSIONS: Autoimmune myelofibrosis is a rare complication of SLE. Autoimmune myelofibrosis could be the first and only presenting feature of SLE. It is sensible to recognize this relationship, as prompt diagnosis and treatment is crucial. Corticosteroids have been shown to be useful in treating both SLE and the associated autoimmune myelofibrosis.

Keywords: Anemia, Fibrosis, Hematology, Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic, primary myelofibrosis, Rheumatology, Autoimmunity, Diagnosis, Differential, Leukopenia, Thrombocytopenia, young adult

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

29 Feb 2024 : Case report  Greece

Pancreatolithiasis: Does Management Depend on Clinical Manifestations?

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942725  

0:00

01 Mar 2024 : Case report  USA

A 25-Year-Old Man with a History of Substance Abuse Presenting with Pneumomediastinum Due to Methamphetamin...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.941509  

0:00

01 Mar 2024 : Case report  USA

Complicated Treatment Course of Severe Asymptomatic Hypertriglyceridemia: A Case Report and Literature Review

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943858  

04 Mar 2024 : Case report  Switzerland

Unintentional Plastic Blister Ingestion Leading to Intestinal Perforation: A Report of Two Cases

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943514  

Most Viewed Current Articles

07 Mar 2024 : Case report  USA

Neurocysticercosis Presenting as Migraine in the United States

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.943133

Am J Case Rep 2024; 25:e943133

0:00

10 Jan 2022 : Case report  Germany

A Report on the First 7 Sequential Patients Treated Within the C-Reactive Protein Apheresis in COVID (CACOV...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935263

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935263

19 Jul 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Atlantoaxial Subluxation Secondary to SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Rare Orthopedic Complication from COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.936128

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936128

23 Feb 2022 : Case report  USA

Penile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935250

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923