Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

04 February 2020 : Case report  Japan

Febrile Neutropenia in a Patient with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated with the Immune-Checkpoint Inhibitor Nivolumab

Adverse events of drug therapy

Yasushi Hisamatsu1ABCDEF*, Ryotaro Morinaga1A, Erina Watanabe2A, Satoshi Ohtani2A, Kuniaki Shirao3AF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.920809

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e920809

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Nivolumab is a human IgG4 monoclonal antibody against human programmed cell death 1 (PD-1). It has demonstrated efficacy against metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Treatment with nivolumab is sometimes associated with immune-related adverse events (ir AEs) in patients. These specific ir AEs include pneumonitis, hypothyroidism, dermatitis, enterocolitis, hepatitis, and neuropathy. However, hematological toxicity is rare.

CASE REPORT: A 57-year-old man with lung adenocarcinoma, with brain and adrenal gland metastases, was therefore started on nivolumab therapy as third-line treatment. After administration of the second dose with nivolumab, grade 3 febrile neutropenia (FN) and grade 2 liver dysfunction developed in the patient. The patient was started to on intravenous antibiotics, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), and corticosteroids. Neutrophil counts and liver function gradually improved, and corticosteroids were tapered over 6 weeks. However, the patient was re-treated with G-CSF because the neutrophil counts decreased again.

CONCLUSIONS: Care needs to be taken with such patients because neutropenia due to treatment with nivolumab can recur, as well as other ir AEs.

Keywords: agranulocytosis, febrile neutropenia, Adenocarcinoma of Lung, Adrenal Gland Neoplasms, Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological, Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor, Liver Diseases, Methylprednisolone, Nivolumab, Prednisolone

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

09 Jan 2024 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Neurotrophic Keratopathy in Marfan Syndrome Patient After Micropulse Transscleral Cyclophotocoagulation: A ...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942538  

0:00

03 Feb 2024 : Case report  USA

Definitive Closure Using an Ovine Reinforced Tissue Matrix in Contaminated Penetrating Abdominal Trauma

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943188  

10 Jan 2024 : Case report  China (mainland)

Herpes Simplex Keratitis as a Complication of Pterygium Surgery

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942401  

11 Jan 2024 : Case report  USA

A 40-Year-Old Man with a 7-Year History of Polyarthritis and a Late Diagnosis of Whipple Disease: A Journey...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942896  

Most Viewed Current Articles

10 Jan 2022 : Case report  Germany

A Report on the First 7 Sequential Patients Treated Within the C-Reactive Protein Apheresis in COVID (CACOV...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935263

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935263

19 Jul 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Atlantoaxial Subluxation Secondary to SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Rare Orthopedic Complication from COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.936128

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936128

05 Mar 2022 : Case report  Brazil

Acute Limb Ischemia After Self-Injection of Crushed Morphine Tablets into the Radial Artery: Role of Infrar...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935336

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935336

02 Apr 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Infective Endocarditis Caused by Pseudomonas luteola in a Pediatric Patient. A Case Report and Review of Li...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935743

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935743

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923