Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

27 March 2020 : Case report  Brazil

Immunosuppression and Malignant Neoplasms: Risk-Benefit Assessment in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Adverse events of drug therapy , Clinical situation which can not be reproduced for ethical reasons

Bruna Damásio Moutinho1ABCDEF, Jaqueline Ribeiro de Barros1ABCDEF, Julio Pinheiro Baima1ABCDEF, Rogerio Saad-Hossne2ABCDEF, Ligia Yukie Sassaki1ABCDEF*

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.920949

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e920949


BACKGROUND: The treatment of inflammatory bowel disease aims to induce and maintain disease remission, avoid complications, and restore quality of life. The treatments include the use of immunosuppressants and biological therapy. Despite the effectiveness of these treatments in controlling disease activity and in limiting complications, there remains an increased risk of developing malignancies.

CASE REPORT: A 70-year-old male patient with ulcerative colitis who had pancolitis was initially treated with mesalazine. In 2010, the medication was changed to azathioprine due to clinical disease activity. The patient demonstrated clinical and endoscopic response to the medication, but presented recurrent facial lesions identified as non-melanoma skin cancer in 2014, 2015, and 2016. Azathioprine was discontinued and anti-TNF therapy was started, but no satisfactory clinical or endoscopic response was observed. The patient developed hematuria and a ureter tumor was found with subsequent ureteronephrectomy. Moreover, the patient underwent total colectomy with ileostomy as a treatment for refractory ulcerative colitis.

CONCLUSIONS: Immunosuppressive therapy can facilitate the development of malignant neoplasms, accelerate tumor growth, and favor the onset of metastases. The types of tumors most associated with its use are lymphoproliferative tumors and non-melanoma skin cancer. The benefits of adequate control of inflammatory bowel disease are clear and the use of immunosuppressants should not be limited by these potential adverse outcomes; however, the risk-benefit profile of immunosuppression should always be assessed on a case-by-case basis.

Keywords: azathioprine, Biological Therapy, Immunosuppressive Agents, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Skin Neoplasms, Aged, Colectomy, Colitis, Ulcerative, Ileostomy, nephroureterectomy, Risk Assessment, Ureteral Neoplasms


In Press

27 Jan 2023 : Case report  Spain

A 37-Year-Old Man with Familial Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia and Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformat...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938548  

26 Jan 2023 : Case report  Spain

A 39-Year-Old Woman with Endometriosis Who Developed a Subcapsular Liver Hematoma Following Laparotomic Sur...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938169  

26 Jan 2023 : Case report  USA

Optic Neuritis as a Consequence of Long-Term Medical Treatment Using Anastrozole: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.939026  

26 Jan 2023 : Case report  USA

A Rare Case of Ruptured Appendicitis Secondary to Metastatic Ovarian Cancer

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938982  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Jul 2022 : Case report  USA

Whistling Scrotum: An Unusual Presentation of Pneumomediastinum in the Setting of an Open Scrotal Wound

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.936441

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936441

06 Dec 2021 : Case report  Brazil

Lipedema Can Be Treated Non-Surgically: A Report of 5 Cases

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934406

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934406

23 Feb 2022 : Case report  USA

Penile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935250

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250

17 Feb 2022 : Case report  Oman

Myocarditis, Pulmonary Hemorrhage, and Extensive Myositis with Rhabdomyolysis 12 Days After First Dose of P...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934399

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e934399

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923