Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

04 May 2020 : Case report  Greece

Post-Traumatic Status Epilepticus Masquerading as Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Case Report and Literature Review

Challenging differential diagnosis, Management of emergency care, Rare coexistence of disease or pathology

Dimitrios Panagopoulos1ABCDEFG*, Georgios Markogiannakis1ACF, Marios Themistocleous1CDE

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.922679

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e922679


BACKGROUND: Advanced imaging is one of the main modalities utilized in the diagnostic investigation of a first-time epileptic ictus, as well as in the evaluation of a patient suspected of having an ischemic stroke.

CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 7-year-old boy who was admitted to our hospital because of a depressed skull fracture. Soon after its initial evaluation, he had an episode of generalized tonic-clonic seizures; therefore, a detailed diagnostic work up was scheduled, which raised the diagnostic dilemma of ischemic stroke versus imaging alterations related to status epilepticus. He underwent surgical exploration, and a few days later the repeat MRI verified that the initial signal changes should be attributed to the ictus.

CONCLUSIONS: Brain edema, most commonly affecting a cerebral hemisphere in its entirety, is a rare post-ictal imaging finding that is causally related to focal-onset status epilepticus. The aforementioned perfusion changes can aid in the differentiation of ictal-related brain abnormalities from acute ischemic stroke, if regional or more diffuse areas of increased perfusion are shown on MRI. Consequently, MRI should be considered the preferred imaging modality when we are confronted with cases of post-ictal signal changes that could masquerade as acute ischemic stroke.

Keywords: Brain Edema, Status epilepticus, Stroke, Child, Diagnosis, Differential, ischemic stroke, Seizures, Skull Fracture, Depressed

Add Comment 0 Comments

1280 33

In Press

01 Dec 2023 : Case report  Brazil

Life-Threatening Electrical Storm Following Liver Transplantation: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI:  

01 Dec 2023 : Case report  Belgium

Innovative Approach to Difficult Airway Management: Utilizing the Cook® Airway Exchange Catheter for Double...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI:  

01 Dec 2023 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Successful Conservative Therapy for Infected Penile Implants: A Case Series

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI:  

30 Nov 2023 : Case report  Puerto Rico

Scuba Diving-Induced Inner-Ear Pathology: Imaging Findings of Superior Semicircular Canal and Tegmen Tympan...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI:  

Most Viewed Current Articles

06 Dec 2021 : Case report  Brazil

Lipedema Can Be Treated Non-Surgically: A Report of 5 Cases

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934406

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934406

07 Dec 2021 : Case report  USA

Edwardsiella tarda: A Classic Presentation of a Rare Fatal Infection, with Possible New Background Risk Fac...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934347

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934347

19 Jul 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Atlantoaxial Subluxation Secondary to SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Rare Orthopedic Complication from COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.936128

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936128

13 Jul 2022 : Case report  USA

Whistling Scrotum: An Unusual Presentation of Pneumomediastinum in the Setting of an Open Scrotal Wound

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.936441

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936441

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923