04 June 2022 : Case report
[In Press] A 73-Year-Old Woman Treated for Rheumatoid Arthritis with Lower Rectal Carcinoma Who Underwent Abdominoperineal Resection, Lateral Regional Lymph Node Resection, and Partial Hepatectomy by Hand-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery (HALS): A Case Report
Unusual clinical course, Unusual or unexpected effect of treatmentTakayuki Tajima1ABCDEFG, Masaya Mukai2ABCDEFG, Shuji Uda2ABCDE, Hideki Izumi2ABCDE, Daiki Yokoyama2ABCDE, Sayuri Hasegawa2ABCDE, Eiji Nomura2ABCDE
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936106
Available online: 2022-06-04, In Press, Corrected Proof
Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule
This report describes the case of a 73-year-old woman treated for rheumatoid arthritis with lower rectal carcinoma who underwent abdominoperineal resection, lateral regional lymph node resection, and partial hepatectomy by hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS). More recently, HALS has proven to be useful in multiple organ resections.
A 73-year-old woman who presented with hematochezia was diagnosed with lower rectal cancer and referred to our hospital. The patient had a history of rheumatoid arthritis and was taking oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. After further evaluation, the patient was diagnosed with stage IV rectal cancer with a metastatic liver lesion and a right lateral lymph node metastasis. All lesions were resected using HALS. A 50-mm longitudinal umbilical incision was created for use as a hand access site, and 3 ports with a diameter of 5 mm each were inserted into the lower abdomen to perform right lateral lymph node dissection and abdominoperineal resection. HALS was performed in the upper abdomen, where the liver was used to partially resect segment S6. The patient was discharged without complications 13 days after the operation.
In this complex case of advanced rectal carcinoma with liver metastases, use of the HALS surgical method was shown to be possible. Immunomodulatory treatment for rheumatoid arthritis may have influenced the outcome for this patient.
Keywords: Antirheumatic Agents; Arthritis, Rheumatoid; Hand-Assisted Laparoscopy; Hepatectomy; Lymph Node Excision; Rectal Neoplasms
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