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30 August 2022 : Case report  USA

[In Press] Symptomatic Gastric Sarcoidosis in a Patient with Pulmonary and Neurosarcoidosis: A Case Report

Challenging differential diagnosis, Rare disease

Dana Hassan1ABDEF, Nicholas Weit1ABDEF, Niraj Patel1ABDEF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936578

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936578  

Available online: 2022-08-30, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory condition with multisystem involvement of unknown etiology that is characterized by noncaseating granulomas. Gastrointestinal (GI) involvement of sarcoidosis is not commonly seen in patients with extrapulmonary disease but can result in luminal narrowing, ulceration, and, less commonly, bleeding and obstruction. Patients that present with symptomatic gastric sarcoidosis are extremely rare. Definitive diagnosis can be challenging due to the need for endoscopic biopsy, which may not be performed if the diagnosis is not considered. Biopsy may be falsely negative due to the patchy mucosal involvement of this disease.
CASE REPORT
This case describes a 38-year-old mixed-race man who presented to the Emergency Department with GI symptoms including nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain, which persisted after being recently discharged from an outside hospital. The patient had a known history of multisystem sarcoid including pulmonary and neurosarcoidosis, and was maintained on immunosuppressive therapy. The patient underwent upper endoscopy with biopsy confirming a new diagnosis of gastric sarcoidosis.
CONCLUSIONS
There is an important role for early endoscopy in the diagnosis of patients with symptomatic gastric sarcoidosis to facilitate early treatment initiation and escalation or titration of immunosuppressive therapy, especially in patients with a known history of sarcoidosis with extrapulmonary involvement. The described endoscopic appearance of gastric sarcoidosis is variable in the published literature; endoscopic biopsy is therefore essential to diagnosing this disease. This type of disease progression should be considered in all sarcoid patients with persistent GI symptoms that do not resolve with conservative management, including those who are already on established immunosuppressive therapy.

Keywords: Endoscopy; Gastrointestinal Diseases; Sarcoidosis

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923