24 February 2023 : Case report
[In Press] Feel the Burn: Case Report of Internal Thermal Injury from Liposculpture
Unusual clinical course, Mistake in diagnosis, Unusual or unexpected effect of treatmentAashish Daulat1ABCDEF, Richa Asija2ABCDEF, Amanda Frugoli 3ABCDEF, Jasmine Heyer4E, Setareh Radparvar1ABCDEF, Michael M. Salehpour 2EF, Brian M. Utz 3ABCDEF
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.937881
Available online: 2023-02-24, In Press, Corrected Proof
Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule
Liposuction is a commonly performed aesthetic procedure. New technology is being integrated to target fine lines or creases in the skin, known as rhytides, and skin laxity that cannot be corrected with liposuction. “Liposculpture” is a new term to describe a variation of liposuction that integrates this new technology for both fat reduction and skin tightening. A new form of liposculpture known as Renuvion, which utilizes a helium-based plasma technology, is being added to improve cosmetic outcomes. In this case report, we describe a case of internal thermal injury masquerading as cellulitis from the use of this new technology.
A 37-year-old African-American woman with a history of anemia, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and depression, with prior breast reduction and liposuction, presented to the emergency room with a 5-day history of waxing/waning fevers that began shortly after undergoing a liposculpture procedure. Imaging demonstrated subcutaneous emphysema and edema in the abdominal wall. Empiric antimicrobials were started given concern for surgical wound infection, but erythema and pain worsened despite treatment. Other infectious markers were negative including negative procalcitonin, normal white blood cell count, and no growth from wound and blood cultures, leading to consideration of a new diagnosis of thermal injury. Antibiotics were subsequently de-escalated to a combination of levofloxacin and doxycycline. She was also treated with topical silver sulfadiazine for her thermal injury. She required multiple rounds of infrared light therapy and lymphatic massage techniques with overall improvement but lasting hyperpigmentation by her 6-month follow-up.
Thermal injuries have been an extremely rare finding in patients undergoing cosmetic procedures. Treatments targeting skin laxity and rhytides may confer higher risk. It is important to note that presentations can mimic cellulitis or surgical site infection. In this case vignette, we describe a rare complication of thermal injury following a liposculpture procedure using a cold atmospheric plasma device in a previously healthy 37-year-old African-American woman.
Keywords: Cellulitis; Lipectomy; Surgical Wound Infection
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