19 March 2023 : Case report
Abdominal Pain Due to Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis Diagnosed in 25-Year-Old and 27-Year-Old Sisters with a Family History of Asthma
Challenging differential diagnosis, Diagnostic / therapeutic accidents, Unusual setting of medical care, Rare disease, Clinical situation which can not be reproduced for ethical reasonsDeshinta Putri Mulya1ABCDEFG*, Nuklear Adiwena1ABCDEFG, Neneng Ratnasari2EF, Muhammad Juffrie3EF
Am J Case Rep 2023; 24:e938232
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EG) can be associated with parasitic infections, atopic drug reactions, or atopic diseases, such as asthma. This report describes 25-year-old and 27-year-old sisters with a family history of asthma who presented with abdominal pain due to EG.
CASE REPORT: Case 1: A 25-year-old woman presented with a 4-month history of chronic left upper quadrant abdominal pain that did not improve with proton pump inhibitor and sucralfate therapy. She has a history of asthma and allergic rhinitis. Endoscopic pathology revealed pangastritis, with eosinophilic infiltration >25 per 1 high power field. Case 2: Her 27-year-old sister was admitted with chronic abdominal discomfort in the form of vomiting and recurrent abdominal pain for the past 2 years. Treatment with proton pump inhibitors and sucralfate did not lead to improvement. She also had intermittent asthma. Pathological findings on her endoscopy showed chronic inflammation of the fundus and antrum, with eosinophilic infiltration >40 per 1 high power field. Association of eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases in siblings has not been reported previously.
CONCLUSIONS: This report has highlighted that atopic disease, such as asthma, is often familial, and can be associated with generalized eosinophilia, including EG. In these 2 sisters, the clinical history and histological findings on colonic biopsy were important to confirm the diagnosis.
Keywords: Allergy and Immunology, Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal Diseases, Siblings
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