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23 November 2022 : Case report  Germany

[In Press] Budesonide with Low-Dose 6-Mercaptopurine as a Possible New Treatment for IgG4-Related Sclerosing Cholangitis and Systemic IgG4-Related Disease: A Case Report

Unusual or unexpected effect of treatment, Rare disease, Adverse events of drug therapy , Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Benjamin Peter Michael Gummlich1ABCDEF, Ali Seif Amir Hosseini2BC, Harald Schwörer1ABCDF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938272

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938272  

Available online: 2022-11-23, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Systemic IgG4-related disease is a rare disease that can affect the hepatobiliary system and may lead to tissue fibrosis and organ failure. Diagnostic criteria for IgG4-related disease are well established, and systemic glucocorticoids are recommended for initiation of treatment. Besides the beneficial properties of glucocorticoids, the long-term treatment with systemic steroids carries the risk of toxicity, especially in elderly patients, in whom IgG4-related disease is more common. Furthermore, disease relapses may occur during the tapering of steroids. Overall, the optimal treatment approach for maintenance therapy has not been clarified yet and is an area of current clinical research.
CASE REPORT
We present a patient with IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis and histologically confirmed systemic (multi-organ) IgG4-related disease who was at increased risk of disease recurrence. The effects of immunosuppressants (prednisolone, 6-mercaptopurine, budesonide) on clinical symptoms, laboratory parameters (AST, ALT, AP, γGT, bilirubin), and imaging examinations (magnetic resonance cholangiography) were documented over 56 months. Control of IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis was achieved – without systemic prednisolone – with the locally acting glucocorticoid budesonide in combination with low-dose 6-mercaptopurine. During treatment with 6-mercaptopurine, transient hepatotoxicity occurred, which was reversed by intermittent pausing and subsequent dose reduction. In addition, gangrenous cholecystitis occurred as a complication of immunosuppression and was treated by emergency cholecystectomy.
CONCLUSIONS
Budesonide could be a new treatment modality for IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis. Systemic manifestations of immunoglobulin G4-related disease can be controlled with low-dose 6-mercaptopurine. Gangrenous cholecystitis may occur as a complication of immunosuppressive treatment.

Keywords: 6-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)mercaptopurine; Budesonide; Glucocorticoids; Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease; Prednisolone

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923