Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

13 March 2023 : Case report  Japan

[In Press] Acute Deterioration of Patient with Sudden Onset of Shock Caused by Group G Streptococcus Infection after Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Case Report

Rare disease

Kensuke Wada1BEF, Tomoyuki Matsumoto1ABCDE, Kemmei Ikuta2B, Masanori Tsubosaka2B, Naoki Nakano2B, Toshihisa Maeda ORCID logo2B, Yuichi Kuroda2B, Shinya Hayashi2B, Ryosuke Kuroda2E

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938905

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938905  

Available online: 2023-03-13, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule


Periprosthetic joint infection is a difficult complication, especially in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Life-threatening septic shock due to periprosthetic joint infection caused by group G streptococcus is rare, and there have been few reports about its treatment. We describe a successful case of sudden onset septic shock due to group G Streptococcus infection after revision total knee arthroplasty.
A 61-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis treated with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs for about 12 years presented with acute right knee pain and shock 6 months after revision total knee arthroplasty. Periprosthetic joint infection caused by group G Streptococcus was diagnosed. She was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit, treated with respiratory support and dialysis, and underwent irrigation, debridement, and polyethylene liner exchange as the first surgery. At 9 days after the first surgery, she underwent the second surgery, consisting of implant removal and antibiotic spacer placement due to failure. It took approximately 7 weeks to normalize the levels of systemic markers of inflammation with intravenous antibiotics and then oral antibiotics for further 12 weeks, but re-revision total knee arthroplasty was successfully performed 1.5 years later. At a 1-year follow-up from the final surgery, she was able to walk with a cane and had no symptoms of infection.
In such cases with sudden onset of septic shock due to periprosthetic joint infection, appropriate and prompt surgical treatment should be performed to save the infected limb as well as the patient’s life.

Keywords: Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee; Fasciitis, Necrotizing; Shock, Septic; Streptococcus dysgalactiae


22 February 2023 : Case report  Taiwan

A 30-Year-Old Woman with an 8-Week History of Anxiety, Depression, Insomnia, and Mild Cognitive Impairment ...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938732  

22 February 2023 : Case report  Nigeria

Multidrug-Resistant Kocuria rosea and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Co-Infection in a Nigeria...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938761  

In Press

17 Mar 2023 : Case report  USA

Dermoid Cyst of the Parotid Gland: Case Report of a Rare Entity and Review of the Literature

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.939411  

17 Mar 2023 : Case report  Japan

A Case of a Refractory Bleeding Giant Vaginal Wall Cavernous Hemangioma Successfully Managed with Sclerothe...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.939474  

16 Mar 2023 : Case report  Indonesia

Initial Thrombocyte Concentrate Transfusion in Woman with Chronic Immune Thrombocytopenia Purpura (ITP) Who...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938752  

15 Mar 2023 : Case report  USA

Thoracic Epidural as a Rescue Analgesic in a Patient with a Continuous Erector Spinae Plane Block for Rib F...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938875  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Jul 2022 : Case report  USA

Whistling Scrotum: An Unusual Presentation of Pneumomediastinum in the Setting of an Open Scrotal Wound

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.936441

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936441

06 Dec 2021 : Case report  Brazil

Lipedema Can Be Treated Non-Surgically: A Report of 5 Cases

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934406

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934406

23 Feb 2022 : Case report  USA

Penile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935250

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250

07 Dec 2021 : Case report  USA

Edwardsiella tarda: A Classic Presentation of a Rare Fatal Infection, with Possible New Background Risk Fac...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934347

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934347

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923