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09 March 2023 : Case report  China (mainland)

[In Press] A 30-Year-Old Woman with a History of Autoimmune Hyperthyroidism Presenting with Fever and Oral Ulcers, Diagnosed with Discoid Lupus Erythematosus

Unusual clinical course, Challenging differential diagnosis

Jing Chen1E, Yulei Gao2F, Yanfen Chai2A, Hua Gao13A

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938988

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938988  

Available online: 2023-03-09, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule


Lupus erythematosus (LE) is mainly clinically divided into cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) depending on the presence of multi-system manifestations. The most common subtype of CLE is discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE). Graves’ disease (GD) is immunologically characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the thyroid gland and the presence of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor antibodies (TSH-R-Ab), and is the most common autoimmune pathogenic cause of hyperthyroidism. Autoimmune thyroid dysfunction has been widely described in association with rheumatic diseases. A certain rate of coexistence of GD with LE, mainly SLE, has been reported in the literature. Herein, we present a rare case of Graves’ hyperthyroidism complicated with DLE.
A 30-year-old female patient, with a history of hyperthyroidism and discontinued methimazole treatment, initially presented with symptoms of infection and oral ulcers. Thyroid hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor antibody, and immunological tests were consistent with a diagnosis of Graves’ hyperthyroidism-associated DLE. Corticosteroids and radioactive iodine (RAI) were used to treat DLE and GD, respectively. Post-treatment evaluation suggested the remission of her hyperthyroidism and active DLE.
Autoimmune thyroid diseases have been previously described in association with rheumatic diseases. This association shows the importance of prompt awareness of the increased risk of DLE when evaluating autoimmune thyroid dysfunction, especially under certain conditions, such as after treatment with anti-thyroid drugs (ATDs), or in the absence of multiple organ damage manifestations of SLE.

Keywords: Graves Disease; Autoimmune Diseases; Lupus Erythematosus, Discoid


22 February 2023 : Case report  Taiwan

A 30-Year-Old Woman with an 8-Week History of Anxiety, Depression, Insomnia, and Mild Cognitive Impairment ...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938732  

22 February 2023 : Case report  Nigeria

Multidrug-Resistant Kocuria rosea and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Co-Infection in a Nigeria...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938761  

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17 Mar 2023 : Case report  USA

Dermoid Cyst of the Parotid Gland: Case Report of a Rare Entity and Review of the Literature

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.939411  

17 Mar 2023 : Case report  Japan

A Case of a Refractory Bleeding Giant Vaginal Wall Cavernous Hemangioma Successfully Managed with Sclerothe...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.939474  

16 Mar 2023 : Case report  Indonesia

Initial Thrombocyte Concentrate Transfusion in Woman with Chronic Immune Thrombocytopenia Purpura (ITP) Who...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938752  

15 Mar 2023 : Case report  USA

Thoracic Epidural as a Rescue Analgesic in a Patient with a Continuous Erector Spinae Plane Block for Rib F...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938875  

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923