09 March 2023 : Case report
[In Press] Chondro-Cutaneous Autograft for Reconstruction of the Nasal Ala After a Human Bite
Management of emergency care, Rare diseaseBartolo Corradino1ABCDEG, Sara Di Lorenzo1BCD, Andrea Pio Cascino1BCDEF
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.939242
Available online: 2023-03-09, In Press, Corrected Proof
Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule
The nasal ala is a paired structural subunit of the nose that is functionally important in the maintenance of the nasal valve. It consists of 3 anatomically distinct layers: skin, cartilage, and mucosa, all of which need to be restored in reconstructive surgeries to maintain nasal patency. When multiple layers are involved in a defect, the reconstruction requires combining procedures to replace each layer.
We describe a peculiar case of a 58-year-old man with a full-thickness loss of substance of the right nasal ala due to a human bite. The patient came to our hospital after an altercation with another man who bit his nose off. He was initially seen at a smaller regional hospital that did not have a plastic surgery department and was soon after transferred to our facility due to the complexity of the case. To reduce the risk of infection, the patient was treated with a complete course of intravenous antibiotic therapy and the wound was medicated daily with antiseptic solutions. The loss of substance was reconstructed with a composed graft from the auricle concha and the melolabial flap.
Defects of the nasal ala are challenging to reconstruct, given its complex 3-dimensional structure. The successful repair of these defects provides aesthetic symmetry and preserves nasal function. A wide variety of reconstructive options have been utilized in many nasal reconstruction cases and have been documented. The combination of a chondro-cutaneous graft from the auricular concha and a melolabial flap graft allowed a good result without local or systemic complications.
Keywords: Autografts; Bites, Human; Surgery, Plastic; Surgical Flaps
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