04 May 2023 : Case report
[In Press] A Case of Confounding Back Pain
Unusual clinical course, Challenging differential diagnosisCedric A. Green1DEF, Lydia Mbatidde2E, Jehan R. Shah1EF, Mantavya Punj3E, Ramla N. Kasozi 1AE, Jennifer R. Maynard1E
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.939784
Available online: 2023-05-04, In Press, Corrected Proof
Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule
Acute back pain is common in primary care settings (>60% lifetime prevalence). Patients can also have associated red flag signs, such as fever, spinal tenderness, and neurologic deficits, that warrant further evaluation and investigation to optimize diagnosis and treatment.
A 70-year-old man with a history of benign prostatic hyperplasia and hypertension sought care for midthoracic back pain. He had been recently admitted to the hospital for sepsis from a urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli. Initial treatment was conservative management with physical therapy, given the lack of red flag signs on physical examination and the likelihood that his pain was musculoskeletal, resulting from immobilization during hospitalization. At follow-up, thoracic spine radiography showed no fracture or other acute abnormalities. After persistent pain, he underwent magnetic resonance imaging, which showed T7-T8 osteomyelitis and discitis with substantial paraspinal soft tissue involvement. Computed tomography-guided biopsy showed MDR E. coli, which indicated hematogenous spread from his recent UTI. Pharmacologic treatment included intravenous ertapenem for 8 weeks, with consideration for discectomy if later indicated. This case highlights the value of maintaining a broad differential diagnosis and high alert for red flag symptoms during routine office visits with a chief concern of back pain.
A high clinical suspicion for vertebral osteomyelitis must be maintained for patients with acute back pain associated with red flag signs. Detailed assessment with appropriate investigations and close follow-up is recommended to support the diagnosis and to allow timely management to prevent complications.
Keywords: Fever; Neurologic Manifestations
06 Jun 2023 : Case reportA Classical Case of Cesarean Scar Endometriosis in a 35-Year-Old Woman Presenting with Cyclical Abdominal P...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.940200
05 Jun 2023 : Case reportPeri-Hilar Cystic Lymphangioma Mimicking a Biliary Cystic Lesion Causing Biliary Obstruction: A Case Report...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.939421
05 Jun 2023 : Case reportRecurrent Bioprosthetic Valve Serratia marcescens Endocarditis in Intravenous Drug Users
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.939292
05 Jun 2023 : Case reportSuccessful Treatment of Recurrent Colonic Adenocarcinoma with Metastatic Tumor Thrombus in the Superior Mes...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.939156
Most Viewed Current Articles
06 Dec 2021 : Case reportLipedema Can Be Treated Non-Surgically: A Report of 5 Cases
Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934406
13 Jul 2022 : Case reportWhistling Scrotum: An Unusual Presentation of Pneumomediastinum in the Setting of an Open Scrotal Wound
Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936441
07 Dec 2021 : Case reportEdwardsiella tarda: A Classic Presentation of a Rare Fatal Infection, with Possible New Background Risk Fac...
Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934347
23 Feb 2022 : Case reportPenile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine
Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250