Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

07 February 2024 : Case report  USA

[In Press] A Rare Case of Non-IgM Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma with Unusual Lack of Immunoglobulin Light Chain Production

Challenging differential diagnosis, Rare disease

Jiejing Yin1CE, Ashish Bains ORCID logo1CDE, Mohamed Alsammak1E, Jian Jeff Fu1ABCDEF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.940963

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.940963  

Available online: 2024-02-07, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Non-IgM lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) is a rare subtype of LPL, constituting less than 5% of the cases, and is often associated with IgG, IgA, or light chain paraproteins and is rarely a non-secretor. Non-IgM LPL remains poorly studied, and the differential diagnosis from other small B-cell lymphomas with plasmacytic differentiation and plasma cell neoplasm is challenging.
CASE REPORT
A 67-year-old woman presented with weight loss, persistent anemia, and borderline leukopenia. Serum protein electrophoresis and immunofixation demonstrated a faint IgG and kappa band against a dense polyclonal background. Bone marrow biopsy revealed hypercellular marrow with involvement by abnormal B cells with undetectable surface and cytoplasmic immunoglobulin light chains. Interestingly, these B cells showed no expression of light chains or production of IgG and IgM; however, they showed production of intracytoplasmic IgA. The concomitant neoplastic plasma cells also displayed no definitive light chain expression. Both IgH and IgK gene rearrangements were positive for clonal process. Molecular studies showed positive MYD88 L265P mutation and CXCR4 mutation (c.1013C>G). The overall findings confirmed marrow involvement by non-IgM LPL. The patient received 6 cycles of rituximab and bendamustine treatment, and no residual marrow involvement was found on the follow-up bone marrow biopsy.
CONCLUSIONS
We report a non-IgM LPL case featuring no light chain production and no heavy chain secretion, which we believe is the first reported case of this kind in the literature.

Keywords: Lymphoma, B-Cell; MYD88 Protein, Human; CXCR4 Protein, Human

In Press

18 Jan 2024 : Case report  USA

A Case of Left-Sided Acute Appendicitis in a 45-Year-Old Man with Situs Inversus Totalis Managed by Emergen...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942323  

0:00

23 Jan 2024 : Case report  USA

Cloacal Dysgenesis Sequence in a Preterm Neonate

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942203  

0:00

09 Feb 2024 : Case report  USA

A Case of Trauma-Related Angioedema of the Airway in a Patient on an Angiotensin Receptor Blocker

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943407  

0:00

30 Jan 2024 : Case report  Colombia

Bedside Ultrasound to Guide the Diagnosis and Treatment of Fulminant Right Heart Failure: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942694  

0:00

Most Viewed Current Articles

10 Jan 2022 : Case report  Germany

A Report on the First 7 Sequential Patients Treated Within the C-Reactive Protein Apheresis in COVID (CACOV...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935263

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935263

19 Jul 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Atlantoaxial Subluxation Secondary to SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Rare Orthopedic Complication from COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.936128

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936128

05 Mar 2022 : Case report  Brazil

Acute Limb Ischemia After Self-Injection of Crushed Morphine Tablets into the Radial Artery: Role of Infrar...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935336

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935336

02 Apr 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Infective Endocarditis Caused by Pseudomonas luteola in a Pediatric Patient. A Case Report and Review of Li...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935743

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935743

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923