30 August 2023 : Case report
[In Press] Concomitant Cerebral Venous Thrombosis and Intracranial Hemorrhages in Presentation of a Patient with Secondary Polycythemia: A Case Report
Unusual clinical courseHiztien Fahrurriza1BDEF, Abdul Gofir1ADE, Tommy Rachmat Setyawan1DE, Susanna Hilda Hutajulu2DE, Dhite Bayu Nugroho2DEF, Mawaddah Ar Rochmah 1ADEF
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.941507
Available online: 2023-08-30, In Press, Corrected Proof
Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule
Cerebral ischemia and hemorrhages were reported to be the main complications of polycythemia vera (PV). The relationship between PV and increased risk of the cerebrovascular events has been established. Some patients with secondary polycythemia have thromboembolic events comparable to those of PV. However, secondary polycythemia that leads to cerebrovascular events is uncommon.
A 35-year-old man without any prior medical history presented with mild clinical acute ischemic stroke and polycythemia. The patient then showed worsening neurological deficits that were later attributed to the concurrent cerebral venous thrombosis, which led to malignant cerebral infarction with hemorrhagic transformation, and subarachnoid hemorrhage. His polycythemia appeared to be secondary to bacterial infection. The treatments for the secondary polycythemia were first phlebotomy and intravenous hydration, followed by intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotics. PV was excluded because the JAK2 V617F mutation was absent, the patient’s peripheral blood smear suggested secondary polycythemia due to bacterial infection, and there were improvements in hemoglobin, erythrocyte count, and hematocrit after intravenous antibiotics. At the 1-month follow-up, he was moderately dependent, and hemoglobin, erythrocyte count, and hematocrit were within normal limits, without receiving any further phlebotomy or cytoreductive agents.
This case highlights the plausible causation of secondary polycythemia that could lead to concomitant cerebral thrombosis and hemorrhagic events. The diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis should be considered in a patient who presents with headache, focal neurological deficits, polycythemia, and normal head computed tomography scan.
Keywords: Cerebral Hemorrhage; Cerebral Infarction; Intracranial Thrombosis; Polycythemia; Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
21 Sep 2023 : Case reportSuccessful Outpatient Treatment of Severe Diabetic-Foot Myositis and Osteomyelitis Caused by Extensively Dr...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.941337
21 Sep 2023 : Case reportFulminant Lymphocytic Myocarditis Successfully Managed with Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump and Extracorporeal Me...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.941422
21 Sep 2023 : Case reportEmphysematous Cystitis: A Rare Urologic Emergency
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.941599
Most Viewed Current Articles
06 Dec 2021 : Case reportLipedema Can Be Treated Non-Surgically: A Report of 5 Cases
Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934406
07 Dec 2021 : Case reportEdwardsiella tarda: A Classic Presentation of a Rare Fatal Infection, with Possible New Background Risk Fac...
Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934347
13 Jul 2022 : Case reportWhistling Scrotum: An Unusual Presentation of Pneumomediastinum in the Setting of an Open Scrotal Wound
Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936441