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30 January 2024 : Case report  Poland

[In Press] Successful Anesthetic Management for Obese Patients with Interstitial Lung Disease Undergoing Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Bridge to Improved Lung Transplant Eligibility

Unusual setting of medical care, Rare disease

Piotr Mieszczański1ABDEF, Marek Janiak ORCID logo1DE, Paweł Ziemiański ORCID logo2BE, Radosław Cylke2BDE, Wojciech Lisik ORCID logo2BEF, Janusz Trzebicki ORCID logo1ACE

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942736

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942736  

Available online: 2024-01-30, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule


Patients with obesity with interstitial lung diseases (ILD) are encouraged to lose weight, as it improves lung function and lung transplant eligibility. As exercise tolerance in these patients is low and weight gain is a common adverse effect of corticosteroids, bariatric surgery can be an effective method for the management of obesity in this patient group. However, perioperative complications in such high-risk patients remain a concern. Therefore, we aimed to demonstrate successful anesthetic management for obese patients with ILD, which may be practically utilized to reduce perioperative pulmonary complications and improve outcomes.
Our case report presents a 42-year-old man with ILD who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Preoperative studies revealed severe restrictive disease, right ventricular overload with assessed intermediate risk of pulmonary hypertension, and heart failure, with preserved left ventricle fraction but with poor exercise tolerance. Patient had opioid-free anesthesia (OFA) and postoperative multimodal analgesia. Following a 24-h stay in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit, the patient was transferred to the ward and ultimately discharged home 2 days thereafter. At the 1-year follow-up, the patient reduced his weight by 40 kg and reported a significant improvement in physical capacity.
Our record demonstrates that OFA can be successfully used in high-risk patients with ILD undergoing LSG. In a period of a year, the patient improved so much that he no longer required lung transplantation, which may encourage clinicians to provide bariatric surgery using the OFA technique in the population of patients with obesity and severe respiratory illness.

Keywords: Obesity; Bariatric Surgery; Anesthesia and Analgesia; Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis; Lung Transplantation

In Press

18 Jan 2024 : Case report  Belgium

A Rare Case of Retroperitoneal Abscess Caused by Nephro-Colic Fistula Resulting from Staghorn Calculus

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943206  


18 Jan 2024 : Case report  USA

A Case of Left-Sided Acute Appendicitis in a 45-Year-Old Man with Situs Inversus Totalis Managed by Emergen...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942323  


23 Jan 2024 : Case report  USA

Cloacal Dysgenesis Sequence in a Preterm Neonate

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942203  


09 Feb 2024 : Case report  USA

A Case of Trauma-Related Angioedema of the Airway in a Patient on an Angiotensin Receptor Blocker

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943407  


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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923