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18 April 2024 : Case report  Japan

Potential Indicators of Intestinal Necrosis in Portal Venous Gas: A Case Report of an 82-Year-Old Woman on Long-Term Hemodialysis with Ascites and Pneumatosis Coli

Management of emergency care

Yoshio Hisata12AEF, Naoko E. Katsuki1AEF, Masaki Tago1AEG*, Tomoyo Nishi1E, Tomotaro Nakashima1E, Yoshimasa Oda13E, Shu-ichi Yamashita1E

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942966

Am J Case Rep 2024; 25:e942966

Abstract

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BACKGROUND: Several factors have been reported as possible predictors of intestinal necrosis in patients with portal venous gas (PVG). We describe potential indicators of intestinal necrosis in PVG identified by contrasting 3 episodes of PVG in a patient on hemodialysis against previously verified factors.

CASE REPORT: An 82-year-old woman undergoing hemodialysis was admitted to our hospital thrice for acute abdominal pain. On first admission, she was alert, with a body temperature of 36.3°C, blood pressure (BP) of 125/53 mmHg, pulse rate of 60/min, respiratory rate of 18/min, and 100% oxygen saturation on room air. Computed tomography (CT) revealed PVG, intestinal distension, poor bowel wall enhancement, bubble-like pneumatosis in the intestinal wall, and minimal ascites. PVG caused by intestinal ischemia was diagnosed, and she recovered after bowel rest and hydration. Three months later, she had a second episode of abdominal pain. BP was 115/56 mmHg. CT revealed PVG and a slight accumulation of ascites, without pneumatosis in the intestinal wall. She again recovered after conservative measures. Ten months later, the patient experienced a third episode of abdominal pain, with BP of 107/52 mmHg. CT imaging indicated PVG, considerable ascites, and linear pneumatosis of the intestinal walls. Despite receiving conservative treatment, the patient died.

CONCLUSIONS: A large accumulation of ascites and linear pneumatosis in the intestinal walls could be potential indicators of intestinal necrosis in patients with PVG caused by intestinal ischemia. As previously reported, hypotension was further confirmed to be a reliable predictor of intestinal necrosis.

Keywords: Intestinal Diseases, Ischemia, Necrosis, Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis, Portal Vein, Renal Dialysis

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923