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28 July 2021: Articles

Total Splenectomy for a Giant Isolated Splenic Hydatid Cyst Compressing the Abdominal Viscera: A Case Report

Unusual or unexpected effect of treatment, Rare disease, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Dimitrios Chatzifotiou A* , Christian Wolf B , Arthurs Baibakovs B , Harald Werthebach C , Bogdan Lupascu B , Martin Schnell B

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.931195

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e931195

Table 1. Summary of the WHO classification of hydatid cysts adapted from the 2010 WHO Informal Working Group on Echinococcosis.

Cyst typeStageImaging features
CE1ActiveUnilocular simple cyst
CE2ActiveMultivescicular, multiseptate cyst. Daughter cysts partly or totally fill mother cyst. “Wheel” or “honeycomb” appearance
CE3aTransitionalDatached laminated membrane floats in cyst (water lily sign). Anechoic content
CE3bTransitionalComplex mass. Mother cyst contains both anechic daughter cysts and echoic areas of disrupted membranes or degenerating daughter cysts
CE4InactiveHeterogenous hypoechoic cyst without daughter cysts. Degenerating membranes may appear like “ball of wool”
CE5InactiveThick calcified wall

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923