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03 December 2021: Articles

Early, Bilateral Re-Rupture of Quadriceps Tendon After Previous Bone-Anchor Repair for Simultaneous, Low-Energy, Bilateral Quadriceps Rupture: A Case Report and Literature Review

Unusual clinical course, Unusual or unexpected effect of treatment, Diagnostic / therapeutic accidents

Andreas Panagopoulos A* , Dimitrios Kalavrytinos E , Vasileios Giannatos E , Irini Tatani B , Antonis Kouzelis A , Zinon Kokkalis B

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.932723

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e932723

Table 1. Literature review of bilateral quadriceps tendons ruptures without medical comorbidities or medication intake.

Author/yearAge/genderMechanism of injuryOperationBiopsyImmobilizationFollow-up/outcome
Shah & Jooma (2002) []10 39/MaleFell on to the basketball court with both knees flexed underneath his bodyTransosseous drilling holes in the patella6 weeks, cast immobilization6 months, full extension, flexion up to 90 degrees, not able to play basketball again
Katz et al (2006) []11 46/MaleHe fell down while he was sprinting toward the net during tennis gameTransosseous drilling holes in the patella6 weeks plaster in extension8 years, full activity
Arumili et al. (2009) []12 54/MaleBoth knees were buckled after he got stuck in the mud, history of chronic tendinopathyTendon to bone repair (non-specified)3 weeks splint in extension3 years, excellent outcome, Lysholm score 99
Gaheer & Hawkins (2010) []13 65/MaleWhile walking down stairs at homeTransosseous drilling holes in patella6 weeks hinged brace16 weeks, full ROM, back to his athletic activities (horse riding, golf, 2 miles walking)
Chiu & Forman (2010) []14 43/MaleHe has stubbed his right toe and fallen; while trying to catch his balance, felt the left side ruptured as well,Transosseous drilling holes in patella6 weeks hinged brace, locked in extension10 weeks follow-up, back to his normal daily living activities
Ellanti et al (2012) []15 67/MaleHe struck his left knee against a wallTransosseous sutures6 weeks plaster cast3 years, normal function
Chang et al (2015) []16 Case 1: 58/MaleCase 2: 44/MaleCase 3: 68/MaleCase 4: 48/MaleTransosseous drilling holes in patella (Krackow repair)6 weeks hinged brace locked in extension
Moriya & Yoshihiro (2016) []17 Case 1: 72/MaleCase 2: 69/MaleCase 1: slipped off a stepCase 2: fell down on a small hillBoth cases were misdiagnosed initiallyTransosseous drilling holes in patellaCase 1: Granulation formation6 weeks plaster casts in both casesCase 1: 26 months, Lysholm 97, Tegner 2, 120 flexion, full extensionCase 2: 24 months follow-up. Lysholm 99, Tegner 2, 140 flexion, full extension
Pagliari et al (2019) []18 62/MaleFell down one step at homeBone spurs at upper patella polesTransosseous drilling holes in patella (Krackow repair)6 weeks, hinged brace10 months, very good outcome
Onuoha et al (2020) []19 60/MaleFell down suddenly, without traumaTransosseous drilling holes in patella (Krackow repair)6 weeks6 months, full ROM and straight leg raise

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923