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13 March 2024 : Case report  Denmark

[In Press] Unveiling the Temporal Aspect of MRI Tattoo Reactions: A Prospective Evaluation of a Newly-Acquired Tattoo with Multiple MRI Scans

Unknown etiology, Challenging differential diagnosis, Diagnostic / therapeutic accidents, Clinical situation which can not be reproduced for ethical reasons

Kasper Køhler Alsing ORCID logo1ABCDEF, Helle Hjorth Johannesen ORCID logo2AEF, Nina Løth Mårtensson34CDE, Paul Joseph Kempen ORCID logo5BCD, Marie Karen Tracy Hong Lin ORCID logo5BCD, Klaus Qvortrup ORCID logo6AB, Rasmus Hvass Hansen ORCID logo7ADE

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943411

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943411  

Available online: 2024-03-13, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Over the past 30 years, painful reactions during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in tattooed individuals have been sporadically reported. These complications manifest as burning pain in tattooed skin areas, occasionally with swelling and redness, often leading to termination of the scanning. The exact cause is unclear, but iron oxide pigments in permanent make-up or elements in carbon black tattoos may play a role. Additionally, factors like tattoo age, design, and color may influence reactions. The existing literature lacks comprehensive evidence, leaving many questions unanswered.
CASE REPORT
We present the unique case of a young man who experienced recurring painful reactions in a recently applied black tattoo during multiple MRI scans. Despite the absence of ferrimagnetic ingredients in the tattoo ink, the patient reported intense burning sensations along with transient erythema and edema. Interestingly, the severity of these reactions gradually decreased over time, suggesting a time-dependent factor contributing to the problem. This finding highlights the potential influence of pigment particle density in the skin on the severity and risk of MRI interactions. We hypothesize that the painful sensations could be triggered by excitation of dermal C-fibers by conductive elements in the tattoo ink, likely carbon particles.
CONCLUSIONS
Our case study highlights that MRI-induced tattoo reactions may gradually decrease over time. While MRI scans occasionally can cause transient reactions in tattoos, they do not result in permanent skin damage and remain a safe and essential diagnostic tool. Further research is needed to understand the mechanisms behind these reactions and explore preventive measures.

Keywords: Electromagnetic Phenomena; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Nociceptors; Safety Management; Skin Temperature

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Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943244  

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Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma with Bone Marrow Involvement Detected by ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT and Biopsy: A Diag...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943275  

13 Mar 2024 : Case report  Denmark

Unveiling the Temporal Aspect of MRI Tattoo Reactions: A Prospective Evaluation of a Newly-Acquired Tattoo ...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.943411  

13 Mar 2024 : Case report  Singapore

Cardiac and Intramuscular Metastases Following Nephroureterectomy for Metachronous Urothelial Carcinoma

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942864  

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923