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21 July 2020: Articles

A Rare Case of Non-Prosthetic Aortic Valve Infectious Endocarditis Caused by

Rare disease

Ricardo Lessa de Castro A* , Neiberg de Alcantara Lima C , Danielli Oliveira da Costa Lino B , Thomas Austin Melgar A

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.923031

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e923031

Table 1. Reported cases of IE.

AuthorAgeRisk of IEComorbiditiesValveProstheticAntibioticSurgeryDied
This case19 yCS, Bicuspid aortic valveNoneAoNoMeropenemYesNo
Levoy et al. []8 6 mIVC+ calcified MVArterial calcificationMNoPiperacillin-tazobactam+ TMP-SMX+colistin+ meropenem+levofloxacinNoNo
Tea et al. []9 67 yRheumatic mitral stenosis, aspleniaAspleniaMNoPiperacillin-sulbactam+ ImipenemYesNA
Rodrigues et al. []10 86 yNoneIHD, lung fibrosis, CKD, plymyalgiaAoNoPiperacillin-tazobactam+ TMP-SMXNoNo
Derber et al. []11 54 yPV+ Fallot’s TFallot’s TPYesPiperacillin-tazobactam+ Imipenem-Cilastatin LevofloxacinYesNo
Kumar et al. []13 54 yNACKD, CRF, HM+AoNoVancomycin+piperacillin-tazobactam+gentamicinYesNA
Rafael et al. []14 50 yCSVSDRP+RVOTNoNAYesNo
Sawant et al. []15 62 yPV+PMAF, CHF, COPD, CKDM+Ao+PMYes/No/–Piperacillin-tazobactam+ TMP-SMX+amikacin+ meropenem+rifampicinYesNo
Tokuyasu et al. []16 86 yPVNAAoYesCarbapenemNoYes
Store et al. []17 79 yNoneH, AF, TIAM+AoNoMeropenemNoYes
Malek-Marín et al. []18 50 yCatheterCKDNANAYesYes
Ahmed et al. []19 69 yPVDM, H, CKD, CABGM+AoNo/YesErtapenem+Tigecycline+ TMP-SMXYesYes
van Hal et al. []20 37 yPV+IDUNAAoYesCarbapenemYesNo
Yang et al. []21 35 yIDU+TR+MPHepatitis CTNoPiperacillin-tazobactam+ Amikacin+CeftazidimeYesNA
Nanuashvili et al. []22 46 yNoneDM, Emphysema, ISM+AoNoAmpicillin+Sulbactam+ CotrimoxazoleYesNo
Ahn et al. []23 35 yCS+PMVSDR, CHB with PMPM+RVOTCeftazidime+AmikacinYesNo
Martino et al. []24 33 yIVCBone marrow transplantNAAztreonam+AmikacinNoYes
Davis et al. []25 30 yNAHFNANoneNoYes
Lofgren et al. []26 77 yPVRheumatic dis.+ PVM+AoNo/YesTobramycin+Carbenicillin+ TMP-SMX+MoxalactamNoYes
Bhattarai et al. []27 37 yIDU+PVNAMYesMeropenemYesNo
Olson et al. []28 35 yAortic surgery+PVNAAoYesCarbenicillin+ TMP-SMX+ Rifampicin+ Moxalactam+AzlocillinNoYes
AF – atrial fibrillation; Ao – aortic; CABG – coronary artery bypass grafting; CHB – complete heart block; CHF – congestive heart failure; CKD – chronic kidney disease; COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CS – cardiac surgery; DM – diabetes mellitus; H – hypertension; HF – heart failure; IDU – intravenous drug user; IHD – ischemic heart disease; IS – ischemic stroke; IVC – intravenous catheter; M – mitral; NA – not available; P – pulmonary; PM – pacemaker; PV – prosthetic valve; RVOT – right ventricular outflow tract; T – tricuspid; TIA – transient ischemic accident; TMP-SMX – trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole; TR – tricuspid regurgitation; VSDR – ventricular septal defect repair.

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923