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17 July 2020 : Case report  USA

Infected Hemodialysis Arteriovenous Fistula with Distant Explosive Pleuritis: A Rare Phenomenon

Unusual clinical course

Muhammed Atere1ABCDEF*, Krisha Arora1BCDEF, Urvi Bhavsar1BCDEF, Farhang Ebrahimi2E, Jay M. Nfonoyim3E, Jessie Saverimuttu4E

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.924264

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e924264

Table 1. Summary of the referenced articles about explosive pleuritis.

Reference articleAge in yearsSexSignificant history before explosive pleuritisTime to develop explosive pleuritisAntibioticsCausative organismOther interventions
727MHistory of pharyngitis 7 days prior4 days based on a CXR and CT chestPenicillin G and ClindamycinGASCTP, VATS with decortication and drainage, and hemodialysis post-surgery
838MHistory of pharyngitis 2 days prior24 hours based on a CXR and CT chestTazobactam, Clarithromycin, and LinezolidGASCTP, Thoracoscopy, and urokinase via chest tube
1033MHistory of left-sided pneumonia5 days based on a CXR and CT chestOutpatient –levofloxacin. Inpatient – Piperacillin/TazobactamNo organism isolatedCTP, and tPA and DNAse via chest tube
1147MHistory of abdominal distention 2 days prior24 hours based on a CXR and CT chestInitial: metronidazole and ciprofloxacin.Later: vancomycin and cefepimeCTP and intrapleural fibrinolytics
1238MHistory of fever of 2 days and right-sided chest pain3 days based on a CXR and CT chestAmoxicillin- clavulanic acid and levofloxacinNoneCTP and intrapleural streptokinase
1345MHistory of one and a half week of upper respiratory infection24 hours based on a CXR and CT chestLevofloxacin and CeftriaxoneCoagulase-negative , , andCTP and thoracotomy with decortication
1429MHistory of 1-day viral syndrome 2 weeks before. Fever and chest pain 5 days before4 days based on a CXR and CT chestInitial: Erythromycin, cefuroxime and vancomycin. Later: penicillin GGASCTP and thoracotomy with decortication
1529FHistory of sore throat and fever 9 days prior4 hours based on a CXRPenicillin GGASCTP
1533MHistory of sore throat fever 4 days prior12 hours based on a CXRPenicillin GGASCTP
1676FHistory of fever, productive cough, and right-sided chest pain 2 days prior24 hours based on a CT chestCefotaxime and LevofloxacinGASCTP
1756MHistory of right-sided chest pain and cough for 5 days. History of fever 1 day prior24 hours based on a CT chest.Ampicillin/SulbactamNo organism isolatedCTP and VATS
M – Male; F – Female; CXR – chest x-ray; CT – computed tomography; GAS – group A streptococcus (); CTP – chest tube placement; VATS – video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923