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14 July 2022: Articles

Lumbar Spinal Epidural Capillary Hemangioma: A Case Report and Literature Review

Mistake in diagnosis, Rare disease, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Shiying Wu B* , Krishan Kumar Sharma B , Chi Long Ho A

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936181

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936181

Table 1. Summary of all the reported cases of spinal epidural capillary hemangioma in the literature.

First Author, yearAge (years)/genderPresenting symptomsEpidural locationOther (MRI) features of tumorLaminectomy, resectionOutcomes
Gupta, 1996 []17 50/MBP, myelopathy, weakness LLT8–10Post-contrast enhancementTRNR, GR
Badinand, 2003 []18 40/FGait disturbance, LL pain, incontinenceT2–4T3–4 foraminal extensionTRNR, GR
Kang, 2006 [19 56/MRadiating chest wall painT2–4Dumbbell-shapedPRNR, GR
Tekin, 2008 []20 56/FBP, radiates to R thigh, L4 hypoesthesiaL3–4Heterogeneous with flow voidsTRNR, symptoms improved
Akhaddar, 2010 []21 19/FBP, progr gait disturbanceT5–6Homogeneously-enhanced, foraminal extensionTRNR, GR
Hasan, 2011 []22 57/MBP, progr myelopathy, weakness LLT10–12Foraminal extensionPRNR, symptoms improved
Shilton, 2011 []23 47/FBP, thoracic myelopathy (post-traumatic)T7–8Foraminal extensionTRNR, symptoms improved
Vassal, 2011 []24 59/FBP, R intercostal neuralgiaT5–7Intrathoracic extensionTRNR,GR
Seferi, 2014 []25 58/MBP, paraparesis, sensory disturbanceT2–4Foraminal extensionTRNR, GR
Gencpinar, 2014 []26 17/FWeakness LLT3–7Foraminal extensionTRNR, GR
Garcia-Pallero, 2015 []27 67/FDyspnea, pleural effusionT4–5Heterogeneous paravertebral tumor with intrathoracic extensionTRNR, GR
Egu, 2016 []28 60/FBP, S1 radiculopathyL5-S1Homogeneous enhancingTRNR, symptoms improved
Kilic, 2017 []29 40/MBP, L LL pain (post-traumatic)L1Vertebral body, pedicle and transverse processTRNR
Rajeev, 2017 []30 50/MParaparesis LLL1–2Enhancing mass, foraminal extensionTRNR, symptoms improved
Brasil, 2018 []1 69/FBPT9–10No extensionTRNR
Xu, 2018 []12 57/MBP, LL weaknessT2–3Foraminal extensionTRNR, symptoms improved
Cofano, 2019 []31 52/FBPT6–9Foraminal extensionTRNR
Sudir, 2019 []32 63/MBP, LL weakness (post-traumatic)T6–8Vertebral body, pedicle and transverse processTRNR
Niznick, 2020 []14 51/FSensory and gait disturbancesT5–6Foraminal extensionTRNR
Rajpal, 2020 []15 29/FFlank painT7Foraminal and intrathoracic extensionTRNR
Doi, 2021 []33 47/MBP, LL pain, sensory disturbance, incontinenceL2–4Also involves spinous process and laminaePRNR
Current case38/FProgr BP, gait disturbance, LL weakness and paresthesiaL1–2Homogeneous enhancementTRNR, symptoms improved
BP – backpain; GR – good recovery; F – female; L – left; LL – lower leg, M – male; NR – no recurrence or residual tumor; progr –progressive; PR – partial resection; R – right; TR – total resection.

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923