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24 February 2024: Articles

Herpes Simplex Keratitis as a Complication of Pterygium Surgery

Mistake in diagnosis, Unusual or unexpected effect of treatment, Diagnostic / therapeutic accidents, Rare disease, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Xinhan Cui B , Jini Qiu B , Feifei Huang B , Chaoran Zhang E , Tingting Shao A , Yan Wang A*

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.942401

Am J Case Rep 2024; 25:e942401

Table 3. Clinical data of patients with herpes simplex keratitis after ocular surgery.

AuthorsYearSurgeryEyesPrevious HSK infectionDiagnostic methodTypes of HSKLatency period (mean)Latency period (range)Possible risk factors
Remeijer, et al1997PK18None5 Clinical diagnosis and 13 viral cultures12 epithelial and 6 stromalNA0 to 156 months2 unknown trauma, 2 corneal trephination, 4 suture removal, 7 high steroids, 4 immune reaction
Perry, et al2002PK then LASIK1YesClinical diagnosisCorneal thinning and perforation9 daysNANA
Nagy, et al2003PRK19NoneClinical diagnosisEpithelialNA4 days to 48 weeksNA
Rezende, et al2004PK14NoneClinical diagnosisEpithelial6.1 months0.3–23.9 years7 rejection, 2 increased steroid dosage, 1 cataract surgery
Levy, et al2005LASIK2YesClinical diagnosisStromal6 weeks, 2 yearsNANA
Barequet, et al2007Cataract3NoneClinical diagnosisEpithelialNA1 to 10 days1 DM
Jain, et al2009LASIK1YesClinical diagnosisDisform keratitis5 weeksNANA
Jhanji, et al20123 Cataract, 2 LK5NonePCREpithelialNA2–6 weeksNA
Arora, et al2014LASIK1NoneImmunofluo-rescenceStromal, with hypopyon2 weeksNANA
Cho, et al2018Cataract11None1 clinical diagnosis, 10 PCR10 Epithelial, 1 endothelial15 days5–30 days3 DM, 2 RA
Sitaula, et al2019CXL1NoneClinical diagnosisEpithelial5 daysNANA
HSK – herpes simplex keratitis; PK – penetrating keratoplasty; LASIK – laser in situ keratomileusis; PRK – photorefractive keratectomy; LK – lamella keratoplasty; CXL – corneal collagen crosslinking; latency period – time latency period between pterygium surgery and keratitis; NA – not applied; DM – diabetes mellitus; RA – rheumatoid arthritis.

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923