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24 November 2022 : Case report  USA

[In Press] Uterine Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) – a Potentially Life-Threatening Cause of Post-Partum Vaginal Bleeding

Challenging differential diagnosis, Management of emergency care, Rare disease

Raul B. Easton-Carr1ABCDEF, Edward J. Durant1ABCDEFG, Anthony H. Nguyen2ABCDEF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938559

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.938559  

Available online: 2022-11-24, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a rare but potentially life-threatening medical condition. It is a congenital or acquired structural abnormality that may result in potentially life-threatening bleeding. Due to the nonspecific symptoms, this condition may be mistaken for more benign causes of vaginal bleeding, thus potentially leading to adverse outcomes and delay in diagnosis and treatment. Most cases of uterine AVM are acquired, and the post-partum period is an especially vulnerable time.
CASE REPORT
This is a case of a 26-year-old woman who presented to the Emergency Department with post-partum vaginal bleeding. During her evaluation, a uterine AVM was suspected based on Doppler ultrasound and was confirmed with computed tomography angiography. The patient was admitted to the hospital and treated with catheter embolization with complete resolution of bleeding and return to normal activities shortly after discharge.
CONCLUSIONS
This report describes a hemodynamically stable patient who presented to the Emergency Department with post-partum vaginal bleeding caused by a large uterine AVM. Despite her benign initial presentation clinically, she had a potentially life-threatening condition that could have resulted in significant morbidity if the diagnosis had been missed or delayed. It is important to maintain a high index of suspicion for even benign-appearing vaginal bleeding in the Emergency Department and to obtain the appropriate diagnostic studies to rule out potentially dangerous causes, especially in the setting of recent pregnancy or gynecologic instrumentation.

Keywords: Arteriovenous Malformations; Case Reports; Emergency Medicine; Uterine Artery Embolization; Uterine Hemorrhage

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923