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24 June 2022 : Case report  Italy

Oral Care in a Patient with Long Arm Deletion Syndrome of Chromosome 18: A Narrative Review and Case Presentation

Challenging differential diagnosis, Management of emergency care, Patient complains / malpractice, Congenital defects / diseases, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Massimo Pisano1AB, Giuseppe Sangiovanni1AEF*, Francesco D'Ambrosio1B, Antonio Romano1B, Federica Di Spirito1F

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936142

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e936142

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Long arm (q) deletion syndrome of chromosome 18 is a congenital chromosomal disorder. The specialist dental management of patients with 18q deletion is a challenge, as these individuals fall into the category of patients with special needs. The aim of this work was to describe the surgical and dental management in hospital of a patient with long arm deletion syndrome of chromosome 18 (18q).

CASE REPORT: An 8-year-old patient with deletion syndrome of chromosome 18 (18q) was referred to the Department of Dentistry and Oral Surgery. The patient presented dental pain and difficult feeding. The examination of the oral cavity revealed a destructive carious lesion of the lower right second deciduous molar and the need to perform a frenectomy due to the short lingual frenulum, which limited the movements of the tongue. Given the complex management of the patient, it was necessary to carry out surgical procedures in the operating room. Frenectomies of the lower labial and lingual frenulum were carried out with the aid of an electric scalpel with an ultra-sharp microdissection needle. At 2-month follow-up, the patient presented with good extraction site healing and satisfactory lingual mobility, along with improvements of speech and feeding.

CONCLUSIONS: Dental involvement in patients with deletion syndrome of the long arm of chromosome 18 is poorly documented in the literature. The hospital regimen appears to be the criterion standard for the management of the patient with long arm deletion syndrome of chromosome 18.

Keywords: Chromosome 18 deletion syndrome, Labial Frenum, Lingual Frenum, Pediatric Dentistry

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923